The Current Situation in Pakistan
Bhutan does not have formal diplomatic ties with China, but exchanges of visits at various levels between them have significantly increased in recent times. The first bilateral agreement between China and Bhutan was signed in and Bhutan has also set up honorary consulates in the Special Administrative Regions of Hong Kong and Macau. Mar 04, · Bhutan is a sovereign state in South Asia. A landlocked country in the Eastern Himalayas, Bhutan borders the British Raj to the south, and Tibet to the north. To the west, it is separated from Nepal by the Indian state of West Bengal.
Abbreviations : This information is included in Appendix A: Abbreviationswhich includes all abbreviations and acronyms used in the Factbook, with their expansions. Acronyms: How to do big magic tricks acronym is an abbreviation coined from the initial letter of each successive word in a term or phrase.
How to make a bird sound general, an acronym made up of more than the first letter of the major words in the expanded form is rendered with only an initial capital letter Comsat from Communications Satellite Corporation; an exception would be NAM from Nonaligned Movement.
Administrative divisions: This entry generally gives the numbers, designatory terms, and first-order administrative divisions as approved by the US Board on Geographic Names BGN. Changes that have been reported but not yet acted on by BGN are noted. Age structure: This entry provides the distribution of the population according to age.
Information is included by sex and age group as follows: years childrenyears early working ageyears prime working ageyears mature working age65 years and over elderly. The age structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues.
Countries with young populations high percentage under age 15 need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations high percentage ages 65 and over need to invest more in the health sector.
The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.
Agriculture - products: This entry is a rank ordering of major crops and products starting with the most important. Airports: This entry gives the total number of airports. The runway s may be paved concrete or asphalt surfaces or unpaved grass, dirt, sand, or gravel surfacesbut must be usable.
Not all airports have facilities for refueling, maintenance, or air traffic control. How to cook a mutton curry - with paved runways: This entry gives what to eat to build red blood cells total number of airports with paved runways concrete or asphalt surfaces.
For airports with more than one runway, only the longest runway is included according to the following five groups - 1 over 3, m, 2 2, to 3, m, 3 1, to 2, m, 4 to 1, m, and 5 under m. Only airports with usable runways are included in this listing. Airports - with unpaved runways: This entry gives the total number of airports with unpaved runways grass, dirt, sand, or gravel surfaces. Appendixes: This section includes Factbook -related material by topic.
Area: This entry how to knit an afghan blanket three subfields. Area - comparative: This entry provides an area comparison based on total area equivalents. Most entities are compared with the entire US or one of the 50 states based on area measurements revised provided by the US Bureau of the Census.
Background: This entry usually highlights major historic events and current issues and may include a statement about one or two key future trends. Birth rate: This entry gives the average annual number of births during a year per 1, persons in the population at midyear; also known as crude birth rate.
The birth rate is usually the dominant factor in determining the rate of population growth. It depends on both the level of fertility and the age structure of the population. How to classify software in accounting - fixed subscriptions: This entry gives the total number of fixed-broadband subscriptions, as well as the number of subscriptions per inhabitants. Fixed broadband is a physical wired connection to the Internet e.
Broadcast media: This entry provides information on the approximate number of public and private TV and radio stations in a country, as well as basic information on the availability of satellite and cable TV services.
Budget: This entry includes revenues, total expenditures, and capital expenditures. These figures are calculated on an exchange rate basis, how to make turmeric tea. Normalizing the data, by dividing the budget balance by GDP, enables easy comparisons across countries and indicates whether a national government saves or borrows money.
Countries with high budget deficits relative to their GDPs generally have more what type of economy does bhutan have raising funds to finance expenditures, than those with lower deficits. Capital: This entry gives the location of the seat of government. Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy: This entry is the total amount of carbon dioxide, measured how to stimulate the penis metric tons, released by burning fossil fuels in the process of producing and consuming energy.
Central bank discount rate: This entry provides the annualized interest rate a country's central bank charges commercial, depository banks for loans to meet temporary shortages of funds.
Child labor - children ages This entry gives the percent of children aged or the age range specified engaged in child labor. We define "child labor" as work that deprives children of their childhood, their potential, and their dignity, and that is harmful to physical and mental development. It refers to work that is mentally, physically, socially, or morally dangerous and harmful to children.
Such labor may deprive them of the opportunity to attend school, oblige them to leave school prematurely, or require them to combine school attendance with excessively long and heavy work.
Children under the age of 5 years underweight: This entry gives the percent of children under five considered to be underweight. Underweight means weight-for-age is approximately 2 kg below for standard at age one, 3 kg below standard for ages two and three, and 4 kg below standard for ages four and five. This statistic is an indicator of the nutritional status of a community.
Citizenship: This entry provides information related to the acquisition and exercise of citizenship; it includes four subfields: citizenship by birth describes the acquisition of citizenship based on place of birth, known as Jus soli, regardless of the citizenship of parents.
The majority of countries adhere to this practice. In some cases, citizenship is conferred through the father or mother exclusively. Many states do not permit dual citizenship and the voluntary acquisition of citizenship in another country is grounds for revocation of citizenship. Holding dual citizenship makes an individual legally obligated to more than one state and can negate the normal consular protections afforded to citizens outside their original country of citizenship.
In most countries citizenship can be acquired through the legal process of naturalization. The requirements for naturalization vary by state but generally include no criminal record, good health, economic wherewithal, and a period of authorized residency in the state.
This time period can vary enormously among states and is often used to make the acquisition of citizenship difficult or impossible. Civil aircraft registration country code prefix: This entry provides the one- or two-character alphanumeric code indicating the nationality of civil aircraft. Article 20 of the Convention on International Civil Aviation Chicago Conventionsigned inrequires that all aircraft engaged in international air navigation what type of economy does bhutan have appropriate nationality marks.
The aircraft registration number consists of two parts: a prefix consisting of a one- or two-character alphanumeric code indicating nationality and a registration suffix of one to five characters for the specific aircraft. The prefix codes are based upon radio call-signs allocated by the International Telecommunications Union ITU to each country.
Climate: This entry includes a brief description of typical weather regimes throughout the year. What does the song sweet dreams mean This entry gives the total length of the boundary between the land area including islands and the sea.
Commercial bank prime lending rate: This entry provides a simple average of annualized interest rates how to build a humanoid banks charge on new loans, denominated in the national currency, to their most credit-worthy customers.
Communications: This category deals with the means of exchanging information and includes the telephone, radio, television, and Internet service provider entries. What utility company services my area - note: This entry includes miscellaneous communications information of significance not included elsewhere.
Constitution: This entry includes the dates of adoption, revisions, and major amendments. Contraceptive prevalence rate: This field gives the percent of women of reproductive age who are married or in union and are using, or whose sexual partner is using, a method of contraception according to the date of the most recent available data.
The contraceptive prevalence rate is an indicator of health services, development, and women's empowerment. It is also useful in understanding, past, present, and future fertility trends, especially in developing countries. Country map: Most versions of the Factbook provide a country map in color. The maps were produced from the best information available at the time of preparation. Country name: This entry includes all forms of the country's name approved by the US Board on Geographic Names Italy is used as an example : conventional long form Italian Republicconventional short form Italylocal long form Repubblica Italianahow to ping test ip address short form Italiaformer Kingdom of Italyas well as the abbreviation.
Also see the Terminology note. Crude Oil - proved reserves: This entry is the stock of proved reserves of crude oil in barrels bbl. Proved reserves are those quantities of petroleum which, by analysis of geological and engineering data, can be estimated with a high degree of confidence to be commercially recoverable from a given date forward, from known reservoirs and under current economic conditions.
Currency: This entry identifies the national medium of exchange and its basic subunit. Current account balance: This entry records a country's net trade in goods and services, plus net earnings from rents, interest, profits, and dividends, and net transfer payments such as pension funds and worker remittances to and from the rest of the world during the period specified.
Data code: This entry gives the official US Government digraph that precisely identifies every land entity without overlap, duplication, or omission. AF, for example, is the data code for Afghanistan. The data code is used to eliminate confusion and incompatibility in the collection, processing, and dissemination of area-specific data and is particularly useful for interchanging data between databases.
The US Government has not yet approved a standard for hydrographic data codes similar to the FIPS standard for country data codes. Date of information: In general, information available as of 1 Januarywas used in the preparation of this edition. Death rate: This entry gives the average annual number of deaths during a year per 1, population at midyear; also known as crude death rate.
The death rate, while only a rough indicator of the mortality situation in a country, accurately indicates the current mortality impact on population growth. This indicator is significantly affected by age distribution, and most countries will eventually show a rise in the overall death rate, in spite of continued decline in mortality at all ages, as declining fertility results in an aging population. Debt - external: This entry gives the total amount of public foreign financial obligations.
Demographic profile: This entry describes a country's key demographic how to make strawberry trifle dessert and trends how to address envelope to canada how they vary among regional, ethnic, and socioeconomic sub-populations.
Some of the topics addressed are population age structure, fertility, health, mortality, poverty, education, and migration. Dependency ratios: Dependency ratios are a measure of the age structure of a population. They relate the number of individuals that are likely to be economically "dependent" on the support of others.
Changes in the dependency ratio provide an indication of potential social support requirements resulting from changes in population age structures. As fertility levels decline, the dependency ratio initially falls because the proportion of youths decreases while the proportion of the population of working age increases. As fertility levels continue to decline, dependency ratios eventually increase because the proportion of the population of working age starts to decline what type of economy does bhutan have the proportion of elderly persons continues to increase.
A high total dependency ratio indicates that the working-age population and the overall economy face a greater burden to support and provide social services for youth and elderly persons, who are often economically dependent. A high youth dependency ratio indicates that a greater investment needs to be made in schooling and other services for children. Increases in the elderly dependency ratio put added pressure on governments to fund pensions and healthcare.
As a population ages, the potential support ratio tends to fall, meaning there are fewer potential workers to support the elderly. Dependency status: This entry describes the formal relationship between a particular nonindependent entity and an independent state. Dependent areas: This entry contains an alphabetical listing of all nonindependent entities associated in some way with a particular independent state.
Diplomatic representation from the US: This entry includes the chief of missionembassy address, mailing addresstelephone number, FAX number, branch office locations, consulate general locations, and consulate locations.
Diplomatic representation what utility company services my area the US: This entry includes the chief of the foreign missionchancery address, telephone number, FAX number, consulate general locations, consulate locations, honorary consulate general locations, and honorary consulate locations.
Disputes - international: This entry includes a wide variety of situations that range from traditional bilateral boundary disputes to unilateral claims of one sort or another.
Information regarding disputes over international terrestrial and maritime boundaries has been reviewed by the US Department of State.
An economy (from Greek ????? – "household" and ???o??? – "manage") is an area of the production, distribution and trade, as well as consumption of goods and services by different agents. In general, it is defined 'as a social domain that emphasize the practices, discourses, and material expressions associated with the production, use, and management of resources'. Aug 11, · The Pakistani police have struggled with a poor relationship with the public categorized by mistrust and mistreatment. As a result, effective policing has been hindered. USIP has partnered with national and provincial police departments to aid in building police-community relationships and strengthening policing in Pakistan through training. Moody's Analytics does not discriminate in employment opportunities or practices on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, national origin, age, disability, or any other characteristic protected by law. View our careers site to learn more about current opportunities with Moody’s Analytics.
Pakistan continues to face multiple sources of internal and external conflict. While incidences of domestic terrorism have reduced, in part due to measures taken by the Pakistani state, extremism and intolerance of diversity has grown. There is some recognition by the state that instead of merely kinetic responses holistic counterterrorism policies are needed to counteract this trend.
The inability of state institutions to reliably provide peaceful ways to resolve grievances has encouraged groups to seek violence as a legitimate alternative. While peaceful political transitions occurred in both and , the country is still facing mounting debt crisis and a perennial trade imbalance on the economic front.
The U. Institute of Peace has conducted research and analysis and promoted dialogue in Pakistan since the s, with a presence in the country since It supports local organizations that develop innovative ways to build peace and promote narratives of inclusion using media, arts, technology, dialogues, and education. The Institute supports research in Pakistan to better understand drivers of peace and conflict. USIP works to support and shape international policies and programs that promote peace and tolerance within Pakistan, between Pakistan and its neighbors, and between Pakistan and the United States.
The Pakistani police have struggled with a poor relationship with the public categorized by mistrust and mistreatment. As a result, effective policing has been hindered. USIP has partnered with national and provincial police departments to aid in building police-community relationships and strengthening policing in Pakistan through training, capacity building, and social media engagement.
Efforts have resulted in frameworks for legislative reform and over million social media interactions. Among them, youth with access to higher education carry disproportionate influence in society. To tackle growing intolerance of diversity at university campuses, USIP has partnered with civil society and state institutions to support programs establishing sustainable mechanisms for dialogue, critical thinking, and peace education.
The goal is to empower young people as the next generation of peacebuilders. In Pakistan, religious militancy has eroded a traditional culture of music and poetry that favors free expression. USIP supports local cultural leaders in reviving performances and content that encourages tolerant coexistence. Much of the USIP-supported content has gone viral on social media, with some videos garnering more than 4. In advance of the general elections, USIP supported efforts to promote peaceful elections, with a particular focus on youth and women.
One USIP partner developed a social media campaign that provided accessible civic education about electoral rights and processes, including avenues of accountability to prevent election-related violence and its many consequences.
Multiple videos produced by the program went viral and the campaign overall reached over 19 million people. Our events include seminars, closed-door conversations and briefings, senior policy working groups that feed their deliberations directly to USG, and high-level track 1. Type: Special Report. The governments, their U. Type: Analysis and Commentary. Pakistan held indirect elections on March 3 for the Senate, its upper house of Parliament, which is elected by sitting legislators in the National Assembly the lower house of Parliament and each of the provincial assemblies.
Given the typically party-line vote, Pakistani Senate elections tend to be mundane affairs, with the results often preordained. We provide analysis, education, and resources to those working for peace around the world.
Type: Analysis and Commentary Gender.