The Melbourne Cup is Australia's most famous horse race held over a distance of metres at Flemington Racecourse in Melbourne. Held on the first Tuesday of November each year the 'race . Melbourne Cup record-holder Lloyd Williams could use Macedon Lodge as a nursery for young European stayers, amid the “uncertain” future of spring internationals.. Williams, like most purveyors of northern hemisphere stayers, has resisted setting plans in stone for the release of Racing Victoria’s reformatory review into the death rate of international Cup horses.
Recommendations will include enhanced screening of imports, prior to departure and upon arrival, and potentially a restriction or cap on racing in Australia prior to the Cup. Rekindling made a triumphant Australian debut in the Cup, while Twilight Payment returned a winner last year after running 11th in the edition. Picture: Racing Photos via Getty Images.
Despite some uncertainty around imports coming to Melbourne for the Cup and subsequently failing veterinary checks, Williams is fully supportive of Racing Victoria vet services manager Grace Forbes. Flemington is working towards 50, to ,strong crowds for the Melbourne Cup Carnival. Flags will fly at half-mast at Flemington on Saturday while jockeys will wear black armbands to honour three-time Melbourne Cup-winning jockey Jim Johnson, who died on Thursday aged Five-time Melbourne Cup winning trainer Lee Freedman is poised to return to How to play patience solitaire from his three-year stint in Singapore, with south-east Queensland emerging as the favoured destination to continue his training career.
The Victoria Racing Club wants to limit the number of races newly arrived internationals can run in before the Melbourne Cup. One-time Melbourne Cup favourite Il Paradiso is edging closer to a return to duty with trainer Chris Waller poised to set how to get 1920x1080 full hd resolution from your laptop sights on multiple Group 1 assignments in the Sydney autumn.
Future Melbourne Cup international raiders are likely to be forced to jump through more hoops in their home countries to prove they are medically sound, according to a key recommendation from a high-powered working group investigating Cup deaths. Gilbert Gardiner PM 07 April Related Topics: Melbourne Cup. High hopes for big boost to Melbourne Cup crowd. Gilbert Gardiner 51 days. Racing mourns loss of legendary jockey Jim Johnson.
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The Caulfield Cup forms the major double of the season with the Melbourne Cup, and is also a key lead up race for “the race that stops a nation”. Run since , the Caulfield Cup has a long and rich history in Australian racing and has produced some of the best horses the country has to offer. For over 10 years we have offered shares in exceptionally bred, athletic race horses. We believe in honest, direct communication with our clients, ensuring you choose a share in a racehorse that suits your needs and budget. We maintain regular involvement with owners via real time owner updates, to ensure the ultimate ownership experience. Gundagai Cup Information. The Gundagai Cup is a m race held at Gundagai Racecourse in New South Wales each year.. The Gundagai Cup (m) boasts a total prize pool of $32, and is run under handicap conditions. The Gundagai Cup will be .
The city occupies much of the coastline of Port Phillip bay and spreads into the Hinterland towards the Dandenong and Macedon ranges, Mornington Peninsula and Yarra Valley. Home to Indigenous Australians for over 40, years, the Melbourne area served as a popular meeting place for local Kulin nation clans.
Noted for its cultural heritage , the city gave rise to Australian rules football , Australian impressionism and Australian cinema , and has more recently been recognised as a UNESCO City of Literature and a global centre for street art , live music and theatre. It hosts major annual international events, such as the Australian Grand Prix and the Australian Open , and also hosted the Summer Olympics and the Commonwealth Games.
Melbourne consistently ranked as the world's most liveable city for much of the s. Melbourne Airport , also known as Tullamarine Airport, is the second busiest airport in Australia, and the city's port is the nation's busiest seaport.
It also has Australia's most extensive freeway network and the largest urban tram network in the world. Indigenous Australians have lived in the Melbourne area for at least 40, years.
The following year, due to a perceived lack of resources, these settlers relocated to Van Diemen's Land present-day Tasmania and founded the city of Hobart. It would be 30 years before another settlement was attempted. In May and June , John Batman , a leading member of the Port Phillip Association in Van Diemen's Land, explored the Melbourne area, and later claimed to have negotiated a purchase of , acres 2, km 2 with eight Wurundjeri elders.
Batman and his group arrived the following month and the two groups ultimately agreed to share the settlement, initially known by the native name of Dootigala. Batman's Treaty with the Aborigines was annulled by Richard Bourke , the Governor of New South Wales who at the time governed all of eastern mainland Australia , with compensation paid to members of the association.
That year, the settlement's general post office officially opened with that name. Between and , Victorian Aboriginal groups were largely dispossessed of their land by European settlers. Letters patent of Queen Victoria , issued on 25 June , declared Melbourne a city. The discovery of gold in Victoria in mid sparked a gold rush , and Melbourne, the colony's major port, experienced rapid growth.
Within months, the city's population had nearly doubled from 25, to 40, inhabitants. An influx of intercolonial and international migrants, particularly from Europe and China, saw the establishment of slums, including Chinatown and a temporary "tent city" on the southern banks of the Yarra.
In the aftermath of the Eureka Rebellion , mass public support for the plight of the miners resulted in major political changes to the colony, including improvements in working conditions across mining, agriculture, manufacturing and other local industries.
At least twenty nationalities took part in the rebellion, giving some indication of immigration flows at the time.
With the wealth brought in from the gold rush and the subsequent need for public buildings, a program of grand civic construction soon began. The layout of the inner suburbs on a largely one-mile grid pattern, cut through by wide radial boulevards and parklands surrounding the central city, was largely established [ by whom? These areas rapidly filled with the ubiquitous terrace houses, as well as with detached houses and grand mansions, while some of the major roads developed as shopping streets.
Melbourne quickly became a major finance centre, home to several banks, the Royal Mint , and in Australia's first stock exchange. Members of the Melbourne Football Club codified Australian football in ,  and in , the first Melbourne Cup race was held. Melbourne acquired its first public monument, the Burke and Wills statue, in With the gold rush largely over by , Melbourne continued to grow on the back of continuing gold-mining, as the major port for exporting the agricultural products of Victoria especially wool and with a developing manufacturing sector protected by high tariffs.
An extensive radial railway network spread into the countryside from the late s. Construction started on further major public buildings in the s and s, such as the Supreme Court , Government House , and the Queen Victoria Market.
The central city filled up with shops and offices, workshops, and warehouses. Large banks and hotels faced the main streets, with fine townhouses in the east end of Collins Street, contrasting with tiny cottages down laneways within the blocks.
The s saw extraordinary growth: consumer confidence, easy access to credit, and steep increases in land prices led to an enormous amount of construction. During this "land boom", Melbourne reputedly became the richest city in the world,  and the second-largest after London in the British Empire. The decade began with the Melbourne International Exhibition in , held in the large purpose-built Exhibition Building.
A telephone exchange was established that year, and the foundations of St Paul's were laid. In , electric light was installed in the Eastern Market , and a generating station capable of supplying 2, incandescent lamps was in operation by In , visiting English journalist George Augustus Henry Sala coined the phrase "Marvellous Melbourne", which stuck long into the twentieth century and has come to refer to the opulence and energy of the s,  during which time large commercial buildings, grand hotels, banks, coffee palaces , terrace housing and palatial mansions proliferated in the city.
Melbourne's land-boom peaked in ,  the year it hosted the Centennial Exhibition. A brash boosterism that had typified Melbourne during this time ended in the early s with a severe economic depression, sending the local finance- and property-industries into a period of chaos.
The Melbourne financial crisis was a contributing factor in the Australian economic depression of the s and in the Australian banking crisis of The effects of the depression on the city were profound, with virtually no new construction until the late s. At the time of Australia's federation on 1 January Melbourne became the seat of government of the federated Commonwealth of Australia. The first federal parliament convened on 9 May in the Royal Exhibition Building, subsequently moving to the Victorian Parliament House, where it sat until it moved to Canberra in The Governor-General of Australia resided at Government House in Melbourne until , and many major national institutions remained in Melbourne well into the twentieth century.
In the immediate years after World War II , Melbourne expanded rapidly, its growth boosted by post-war immigration to Australia , primarily from Southern Europe and the Mediterranean. Height limits in the CBD were lifted in , after the construction of ICI House , transforming the city's skyline with the introduction of skyscrapers.
Suburban expansion then intensified, served by new indoor malls beginning with Chadstone Shopping Centre. Many of the larger suburban mansions from the boom era were also either demolished or subdivided. To counter the trend towards low-density suburban residential growth, the government began a series of controversial public housing projects in the inner city by the Housing Commission of Victoria , which resulted in the demolition of many neighbourhoods and a proliferation of high-rise towers.
The Bolte government sought to rapidly accelerate the modernisation of Melbourne. Major road projects including the remodelling of St Kilda Junction , the widening of Hoddle Street and then the extensive Melbourne Transportation Plan changed the face of the city into a car-dominated environment.
Australia's financial and mining booms during and resulted in establishment of the headquarters of many major companies BHP Billiton and Rio Tinto , among others in the city. Nauru 's then booming economy resulted in several ambitious investments in Melbourne, such as Nauru House.
Melbourne experienced an economic downturn between and , following the collapse of several local financial institutions. In , the newly elected Kennett government began a campaign to revive the economy with an aggressive development campaign of public works coupled with the promotion of the city as a tourist destination with a focus on major events and sports tourism. Other strategies included the privatisation of some of Melbourne's services, including power and public transport, and a reduction in funding to public services such as health, education and public transport infrastructure.
Since the mids, Melbourne has maintained significant population and employment growth. There has been substantial international investment in the city's industries and property market. Major inner-city urban renewal has occurred in areas such as Southbank , Port Melbourne , Melbourne Docklands and more recently, South Wharf. Melbourne sustained the highest population increase and economic growth rate of any Australian capital city from to From , the growth of the city extended into "green wedges" and beyond the city's urban growth boundary.
Predictions of the city's population reaching 5 million people pushed the state government to review the growth boundary in as part of its Melbourne Five Million strategy. At this time, more new jobs were created in Melbourne than any other Australian city—almost as many as the next two fastest growing cities, Brisbane and Perth, combined,  and Melbourne's property market remained highly priced,  resulting in historically high property prices and widespread rent increases.
Melbourne is in the southeastern part of mainland Australia, within the state of Victoria. Geologically, it is built on the confluence of Quaternary lava flows to the west, Silurian mudstones to the east, and Holocene sand accumulation to the southeast along Port Phillip.
The southeastern suburbs are situated on the Selwyn fault which transects Mount Martha and Cranbourne. It extends northward through the undulating bushland valleys of the Yarra's tributaries— Moonee Ponds Creek toward Tullamarine Airport , Merri Creek , Darebin Creek and Plenty River —to the outer suburban growth corridors of Craigieburn and Whittlesea.
The city reaches southeast through Dandenong to the growth corridor of Pakenham towards West Gippsland , and southward through the Dandenong Creek valley and the city of Frankston. In the west, it extends along the Maribyrnong River and its tributaries north towards Sunbury and the foothills of the Macedon Ranges , and along the flat volcanic plain country towards Melton in the west, Werribee at the foothills of the You Yangs granite ridge south west of the CBD.
The Little River , and the township of the same name, marks the border between Melbourne and neighbouring Geelong city. This temperature differential is most pronounced in the spring and summer months and can cause strong cold fronts to form. These cold fronts can be responsible for varied forms of severe weather from gales to thunderstorms and hail , large temperature drops and heavy rain.
Winters, however, are usually very stable, but rather damp and often cloudy. Relatively narrow streams of heavy showers can often affect the same places usually the eastern suburbs for an extended period, while the rest of Melbourne and surrounds stays dry.
Overall, Melbourne is, owing to the rain shadow of the Otway Ranges , nonetheless drier than average for southern Victoria. Within the city and surrounds, rainfall varies widely, from around millimetres 17 in at Little River to 1, millimetres 49 in on the eastern fringe at Gembrook. Melbourne receives Dewpoint temperatures in the summer range from 9. Melbourne is also prone to isolated convective showers forming when a cold pool crosses the state, especially if there is considerable daytime heating.
These showers are often heavy and can include hail, squalls, and significant drops in temperature, but they often pass through very quickly with a rapid clearing trend to sunny and relatively calm weather and the temperature rising back to what it was before the shower. This can occur in the space of minutes and can be repeated many times a day, giving Melbourne a reputation for having "four seasons in one day",  a phrase that is part of local popular culture.
The average temperature of the sea ranges from Melbourne's urban area is approximately 2, km 2 , slightly larger than that of London and Mexico City ,  while its metropolitan area is 9, km 2 3, sq mi —larger than Jakarta at 7, km 2 , but smaller than New York City at 11, km 2. The grid's southern edge fronts onto the Yarra River. More recent office, commercial and public developments in the adjoining districts of Southbank and Docklands have made these areas into extensions of the CBD in all but name.
Melbourne's CBD has unrestricted height limits, unlike other Australian cities. As a result, it has become Australia's most densely populated area, with approximately 19, residents per square kilometre,  and is home to more skyscrapers than any other Australian city , the tallest being Australia , situated in Southbank.
Much of metropolitan Melbourne is accordingly characterised by low-density sprawl, whilst its inner-city areas feature predominantly medium-density, transit-oriented urban forms. The city centre, Docklands, St. Kilda Road and Southbank areas feature high-density forms. Melbourne is often referred to as Australia's garden city, and the state of Victoria was once known as the garden state.
Melbourne's parks are often considered the best public parks in all of Australia's major cities. There are also a number of significant state parks just outside Melbourne.
Melbourne has minimal public housing and high demand for rental housing, which is becoming unaffordable for some. Melbourne is experiencing high population growth, generating high demand for housing. This housing boom has increased house prices and rents, as well as the availability of all types of housing.
Subdivision regularly occurs in the outer areas of Melbourne, with numerous developers offering house and land packages. However, since the release of Melbourne in , planning policies have encouraged medium-density and high-density development in existing areas with good access to public transport and other services.