Sweet Itch in Horses and the 5 Best Treatment Options
Sweet itch is caused following a bite from a small insect called a midge. The skin of the horse is one of the most major immune barriers his body has, which protects against foreign invaders. When the midge bites, saliva is left on the skin of the zi255.comted Reading Time: 3 mins. Sweet Itch in horses, ponies and donkeys is an allergic response to the saliva in the bite of the Culicoides midge (gnat, no-see-um, punky) and to a lesser degree the black fly (Simulium Equinum), horn fly and stable fly which gives rise to intense itching.
The constant itching is enough to drive many horses to rub themselves raw and owners to tear out their hair in desperation. Stubborn as this problem is, there are many steps that can be taken in order to treat and manage it. It's completely free! The Horse will try to relieve the terrible itching by rubbing themselves against any available surface.
Some horses can be so severely affected that they rub their skin raw, and many horses completely rub out their manes and tails. Apart from the obvious discomfort your poor horse is enduring, they can look utterly dreadful with their patchy coats and bald tails, so this skin issue can keep your horse what is comed customer service number of the show ring.
I had a pony in my yard with sweet itch so severe that she had no mane at all, and her entire tail was bald and scaly except for a little tuft right at the bottom. Sweet itch is caused by an allergic reaction, most likely to the bite of the Culicoides midge. These little blighters are most active how to write complex numbers summer, particularly in wet areas, and as they can also carry more serious diseases — such as African horse sickness whzt equine encephalosis virus — their management is very important.
While their effects can be short-lived, there are many repellents on the market that are effective at keeping midges from biting your horse in the first place. Pay attention to the ingredients, too. In incorrect dilutions, citronella can have an attractive effect on midges; and DEET, while effective, is not a natural remedy. Every tack shop will have something for the flies, but products are also available at Amazon- Such as the Farnam Repel-X Spray.
Management plays a major role in keeping biting insects away from your horse. Other products can be used to catch and kill the midges that do get into the yard. Options include fly strips such as these ones on Amazon. Fly sheets are the most effective way to keep midges and other biting insects off your horse. They can be expensive, but the cost can be worth it as you can save how to get into wedding planning fly sprays and other products.
Bucas Zebra Fly Sheet. Most fly sheets, like this Horze Freja Combo Fly Sheethave a neck hood and belly flap for additional protection. For the pony that I mentioned earlier in wweet article, the quickest relief we could give her was brought about by a lotion that we rubbed into her sore and itchy skin twice a day. Nothing makes the symptoms of sweet itch better as quickly as a soothing lotion.
These are often herbal and natural, based on essential oils and containing repellents to keep the midges off as well. They may prescribe oral medications that you can put into his feed, but most likely will also sweett him an injection of an immune suppressant what is sweet itch caused by anti-inflammatory like cortisone.
They will also have the best advice on management and symptomatic relief. Sweet itch is the frustration of horse owners the world over. Occurring everywhere from Canada to Australia to How to buy rental property in florida, this particularly persistent skin problem can make your bt absolutely miserable. What is Sweet Itch?
Sweet itch is a severe and common skin disease in horses, causing constant itching and irritation. The horse will generally itch all over, but particularly on the mane, itcn, and tail areas. There are a variety csused products and methods on the market that can be helpful. Insect Repellents While their effects can be short-lived, there are many repellents on the market that are effective at keeping midges from biting your horse in the first place. Stable Management Sweeet plays a major role in keeping biting insects away from your horse.
Fans installed in the stables will prevent the tiny midges from flying around the horses. Fly Sheets Fly sheets are the most effective way to keep midges and other biting insects off your horse. Some horses will also destroy them in a few days, making them uneconomical to use. Topical Treatments For the pony that I mentioned earlier in this article, the quickest relief we could give her was brought about by a lotion that we rubbed into her sore and itchy skin twice a day.
Conclusion Frustrating as sweet itch is, there are many ways to manage it and give your horse his quality of life back. Ultimately, your vet will know best when it comes to dealing with this persistent and irritating problem. About The Author. Firn Hyde I'm a young horsewoman living causee a tiny home on a horse farm in South Africa with three dogs, two pigs, a longsuffering man, and God's grace.
I run a stableyard and compete in dressage with two kind geldings who keep me happy and a psychotic mare who keeps me humble. For the past two years, I've been writing for a living, and I enjoy every opportunity to combine my two passions.
Pin It on Pinterest.
FREE weekly newsletters from TheHorse.com.
May 05, · Sweet itch, seasonal equine dermatitis, Culicoides hypersensitivity, summer dermatitis—they’re all one and the same. So what is this seasonal skin condition, exactly? Biting midges or gnats, namely Estimated Reading Time: 7 mins. The signs of sweet itch can get worse as the animal gets older. There is evidence that stress caused by moving to a new home, sickness, or severe injury, can be a . Apr 09, · Sweet itch This article has been edited and approved by Karen Coumbe MRCVS, H&H’s veterinary advisor since Sweet itch in horses can be described as pruritus Estimated Reading Time: 2 mins.
What is Equine Sweet Itch and how can you spot the symptoms, prevent it or treat it. The fly most commonly involved is Culicoides pulicaris midge and although most horses and ponies are bitten by this midge, they show no major signs or reaction to it.
Almost all horse breeds and types of ponies can be affected, from tiny Shetland ponies to heavyweight draught horses, although the condition is rare in English Thoroughbreds. Although known by different names e. Sweet Itch symptoms include …severe itching; hair loss; skin thickening;and flaky dandruff. Exudative dermatitis , ie; weeping sores, sometimes with a yellow crust of dried serum, can occur. If sores are not attended to properly a secondary infection can result.
The neck, withers, hips, ears and forehead, and in more severe cases, the mid-line of the belly, the saddle area, the sides of the head, the sheath or udder and the legs.
There can be a marked change in temperament resulting in lethargy with frequent yawning and a general lack of spark, or your horse may become agitated, impatient and lack concentration when ridden. Your horse will become very agitated when flying insects are around and may start head shaking repeatedly. Diagnosis is not usually difficult as the symptoms and the seasonal nature spring, summer and autumn are strong indicators. However symptoms can persist well into the winter months, with severely affected horses hardly having any respite before the midge starts its onslaught again the following spring.
Sweet itch is most commonly seen in animals from 4 to 6 years of age as the allergy requires repeated exposure to fly bites to develop, this usually takes 2 to 4 summers. There is evidence that stress caused by moving to a new home, sickness, or severe injury, can be a factor when mature animals develop Sweet Itch.
Environmental factors play a major part and where the horse is born and it lives as an adult are at least as significant as the bloodlines of its sire and dam. Although if conditions are particularly favourable for a high Culicoides midge population, more than one horse in the field may show symptoms. The Culicoides pulicaris midge tends to stay near its breeding grounds, which are wet areas ponds ditches, etc; and it is most numerous when the weather is warm.
Equine Sweet Itch is a seasonal allergic skin condition caused by fly bites. Sweet Itch 1. What is Sweet Itch 2. Treating Sweet Itch. In the UK Sweet Itch is classed by Vets as a reportable condition, which must be disclosed by an owner to a prospective purchaser before the sale. A vet diagnosing the allergy may regard the condition as serious and specify your horse as unsound because of it.