What is an ascites and how is it treated

what is an ascites and how is it treated

Ascites is the buildup of an abnormal amount of fluid inside the belly. This is a common problem in patients with cirrhosis (scarring) of the liver. Ascites is treated by lowering salt in the diet and taking water pills. What is ascites? Ascites is a condition in which fluid collects in spaces within your abdomen. If severe, ascites may be painful. The problem may keep you from moving around comfortably. Ascites can set the stage for an infection in your abdomen. Fluid may also move into your chest and surround your lungs. This makes it hard to breathe.

Please understand that our phone lines must be clear how to install jboss in windows urgent medical care needs. When this changes, we will update this website. Our vaccine supply remains limited. Ascites is a condition in which fluid collects in spaces within your abdomen.

If severe, ascites may be painful. The problem may keep you from moving around comfortably. Ascites can set the stage for an infection in your abdomen. Fluid may also move into your chest and surround your lungs. This makes it hard to breathe. The most common cause of ascites is cirrhosis of the liver. Drinking too much alcohol is one of the most common causes of cirrhosis of the liver. Different types of cancer can also cause this condition. Ascites caused by cancer most often occur with advanced or recurrent cancer.

Ascites may also be caused by other problems such as heart conditions, dialysis, low protein levels, and infection. Your healthcare provider will do a physical exam and ask about your symptoms.

You may also have tests such as:. A number of steps may help ease your ascites. Your healthcare provider may tell you to:. Ascites can make eating, drinking, and moving around difficult.

It can also make it hard to breathe. Ascites can lead to abdominal infections, which may cause kidney failure. It can also cause umbilical or inguinal hernias. Certain steps to help you avoid cirrhosis of the liver and cancer can prevent ascites. These include:. Be sure to follow your healthcare provider's advice for lowering your salt intake.

You'll need to do this even if you're taking diuretic drugs to reduce fluid in your body. Also, weigh yourself daily and call your healthcare provider if you gain too much weight. Health Home Conditions and Diseases. What causes ascites? What are the symptoms of ascites?

These are symptoms of ascites: Swelling in the abdomen Weight gain Sense of fullness Bloating Sense of heaviness Nausea or indigestion Vomiting Swelling in the lower legs Shortness of breath Hemorrhoids What is an ascites and how is it treated is ascites diagnosed?

You may also have tests such as: Fluid sample. A sample of fluid from your abdomen may be taken using a needle. This fluid will be checked for signs of disease, such as cancer or an infection. This test may help point to the cause of the ascites. Your healthcare provider may request images of the inside of your abdomen using ultrasound, MRI, or a CT scan.

An MRI creates how to build stairs with cinder blocks using a magnetic field and radiofrequency energy. A CT scan creates computerized images using X-rays. How is ascites treated? Your healthcare provider may tell you to: Cut back on your salt intake. Your healthcare provider or a dietitian can show you how to follow a low-sodium diet. Avoid salt substitutes that contain potassium. This is because some medicines used in treating ascites can cause your potassium levels to rise.

How to dial to spain from uk back on the amount of fluids you drink. Stop drinking alcohol. Take diuretic medicines to help reduce the fluid in your body. In certain cases, your doctor may need to remove large amounts of fluid from your abdomen through a needle. This may be done if you have trouble breathing or the diuretic is not working. In very complicated situations, you may need to have a special procedure in radiology called TIPS.

In this procedure, a connection is made inside the liver between the blood vessels to ease the high pressure causing ascites. What are the complications of ascites?

Can ascites be prevented? These include: Stop drinking alcohol. Maintain a healthy weight. Exercise regularly. Stop smoking. Limit salt in your diet. Practice safe sex to decrease your chance of getting hepatitis.

Do not use recreational drugs to decrease your chance of getting hepatitis. Living with ascites Be sure to follow your healthcare provider's advice for lowering your salt intake.

Key points Ascites is a condition in which fluid collects in spaces within your abdomen. As fluid collects in the abdomen, it can affect your lungs, kidneys, and other organs. Ascites causes abdominal pain, swelling, nausea, vomiting, and other difficulties. Stopping all alcohol intake, maintaining a healthy weight, exercising, not smoking, and limiting salt intake can help prevent cirrhosis or cancer that may lead to ascites.

Next steps Tips to help you get the most from a visit to your healthcare provider: Before your visit, write down questions you want answered. Bring someone with you to help you ask questions and remember what your provider tells you.

At the visit, write down the names of new medicines, treatments, or tests, what is the shortest book in the bible any new instructions your provider gives you. If you have a follow-up appointment, write down the date, time, and purpose for that visit. Know how you can contact your provider if you have questions.

What is ascites?

Mar 04,  · Ascites treatment usually combines medicines with changes to your nutrition. You may need any of the following: Medicines help decrease the fluid in your abdomen, prevent or fight an infection, or prevent more damage to your liver. Limit the amount of sodium (salt) and liquid in your diet. Aug 05,  · Ascites is the build-up of fluid in the abdomen. This fluid buildup causes swelling that usually develops over a few weeks, although it can also happen in just a few days. Ascites is very. Dec 19,  · Ascites happens when pressure builds up in the veins of your liver and it doesn’t work as it should. These two problems usually are caused by another condition -- .

Ascites is the buildup of an abnormal amount of fluid inside the abdomen belly. This is a common problem in patients with cirrhosis scarring of the liver. Common risk factors for the development of ascites are any diseases that can cause cirrhosis of the liver. Other diseases that lead to fluid buildup are congestive heart failure and kidney failure.

Cancers of organs in the abdomen also may lead to ascites. Ascites is the end result of a series of events. Cirrhosis of the liver is the most common cause of ascites. When cirrhosis occurs, blood flow through the liver is blocked. This blockage causes an increase in the pressure in the main vein the portal vein that delivers blood from the digestive organs to the liver.

This condition is called portal hypertension. Ascites occurs when portal hypertension develops. The kidneys cannot rid the body of enough sodium salt through urine. Not being able to rid the body of salt causes fluids to build up in the abdomen, resulting in ascites.

Most people who develop ascites develop a large belly and experience a rapid gain in weight. Some people also develop swelling of the ankles and shortness of breath. Ascites is diagnosed based on physical exam , medical history, blood tests, ultrasound or CT scan, and paracentesis. Paracentesis is a procedure in which a needle is inserted through the abdominal wall after local anesthesia and fluid is removed.

This fluid is examined for signs of infection, cancer, or other medical problems. Limit the amount of salt in your diet. The most important step to treating ascites is to drastically reduce your salt intake. Recommended limits are 2, mg or less a day.

Seeing a nutritional specialist dietitian is helpful especially because the salt content in foods is difficult to determine. Salt substitutes — that do not contain potassium — can be used. Often, patients will require diuretics "water pills" to treat ascites. Take these pills as prescribed. These water pills can cause problems with your electrolytes sodium, potassium and kidney function creatinine. Taking water pills is not a substitute for reducing your salt intake.

Both are needed to treat ascites. Cleveland Clinic is a non-profit academic medical center. Advertising on our site helps support our mission. We do not endorse non-Cleveland Clinic products or services.

Ascites Ascites is the buildup of an abnormal amount of fluid inside the belly. Ascites is treated by lowering salt in the diet and taking water pills. Appointments What are the risk factors for development of ascites? Symptoms and Causes What causes ascites? What are the symptoms of ascites? Diagnosis and Tests How is ascites diagnosed? Management and Treatment What are the complications of ascites? Abdominal pain , discomfort and difficulty breathing: These problems may occur when too much fluid builds up in the abdominal cavity.

This may limit a patient's ability to eat, walk and perform daily activities. Infection: The fluids that build up in the gut as a result of ascites could become infected with bacteria. When this happens, the condition is called spontaneous bacterial peritonitis.

It usually causes fever and abdominal pain. The diagnosis is generally made by taking a sample from the abdominal cavity as described above ie, by performing a paracentesis.

Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis is a serious condition that requires treatment with IV antibiotics. After recovery from this infection, long-term treatment with oral antibiotics is needed to keep the infection from recurring. Fluid in the lungs: This condition is called hepatic hydrothorax. Abdominal fluid fills the lung mostly on the right side. Hepatic hydrothorax is best treated by removing the abdominal ascites by paracentesis. Kidney failure: Worsening of cirrhosis of the liver can lead to kidney failure.

This condition is called hepatorenal syndrome. It is rare, but is a serious condition and may lead to kidney failure. What are the best treatments for ascites? Other, increasingly more aggressive treatments include: Paracentesis as a treatment: Sometimes fluids continue to build up in the abdomen despite use of diuretics and a restricted salt diet.

In these cases, patients may need paracentesis to remove this large amount of excess fluid. Surgery: Surgical placement of a shunt tube between the main vein portal vein and smaller veins is sometimes used as a treatment. A radiologist can place a shunt directly through the liver, thereby relieving portal hypertension and diminishing ascites. By increasing blood flow, all organs of the body are better able to perform their function. For example, in patients with ascites, improved kidney function helps rid the body of excess sodium salt and prevent the buildup of fluids.

Prevention What can I do to control my ascites? Weigh yourself daily. Call your doctor if you gain more than 10 lbs or more than 2 lbs per day on 3 consecutive days. Limit the amount of alcohol you drink. Better yet, do not drink any alcoholic beverages at all. Reducing the amount of alcohol you drink reduces the risk of developing ascites.

These drugs affect the kidneys, causing water and salt to be retained by the body. Follow guidelines for a low-salt diet. Show More.

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