May 09, · Hepatitis refers to an inflammatory condition of the liver. It's commonly caused by a viral infection, but there are other possible causes of hepatitis. Hepatitis means inflammation of the liver. The liver is a vital organ that processes nutrients, filters the blood, and fights infections. When the liver is inflamed or damaged, its function can be affected. Heavy alcohol use, toxins, some medications, and certain medical conditions can cause hepatitis.
Hepatitis means inflammation of the liver. When the liver is inflamed or damaged, its function can be affected. Heavy alcohol use, toxins, some medications, and certain medical conditions can cause hepatitis, but it is often caused by a virus. In the United States, the most common hepatitis viruses are hepatitis A virus, hepatitis B virus, and hepatitis C virus. Hepatitis Ahepatitis Band hepatitis C are liver infections caused by three different viruses. Although each can cause similar symptoms, they are spread in different ways and can affect the liver differently.
Hepatitis A is usually what does hepatitis do to you short-term infection and does not ddoes chronic. Hepatitis B and hepatitis C can also begin as short-term, acute infections, but in some people, the virus remains in the body, resulting in chronic disease and long-term liver problems. There are vaccines to prevent hepatitis A and hepatitis B; however, there is no vaccine for hepatitis C.
People who get hepatitis A may feel sick for a few weeks to several months but usually recover completely and do not have lasting liver damage. In rare cases, hepatitis A can cause liver failure and even death; this is more common in older people and in people with other serious health issues, such as chronic liver disease. Ina total of 12, hepatitis A cases were reported in the United States.
Sinceperson-to-person outbreaks of hepatitis A have been occurring across the United States mainly among people who use injection drugs or are experiencing homelessness, resulting in more than 32, cases. Since the hepatitis A vaccine was first recommended incases of hepatitis A in the United States declined dramatically.
Unfortunately, in recent years the number of people infected has been increasing because ehpatitis have been multiple outbreaks hepatltis hepatitis Coes in the United States resulting from person-to-person contact, especially eo people who use drugs, people experiencing homelessness, and how to prepare milagu pongal in tamil who have sex with men.
The hepatitis A virus is found in the stool and blood of people who are infected. The hepatitis A virus is spread when someone ingests the virus even in amounts too small to see through:. Hepatitis A can be spread from close, personal contact with an infected person, such as through certain types of sexual contact like oral-anal sexcaring for someone who is ill, or using drugs with others.
Hepatitis A is very contagious, and people can even spread the virus before they feel sick. Contamination of food with the hepatitis A virus can happen at any point: growing, harvesting, processing, handling, and even after cooking.
Contamination of food and water happens more often in countries where hepatitis A is common. Although uncommon, foodborne outbreaks have occurred in the United States from people eating contaminated fresh and frozen imported food products. Although anyone can get hepatitis A, in the United States, certain groups of people are at higher risk for getting infected and for having severe disease if they do get hepatitis A.
If you think you have been exposed to the hepatitis A virus, call your health professional or your local or state health department as soon as possible, ideally within 2 weeks. A health professional can decide next steps based on your age and overall health. A single shot of the hepatitis A vaccine can help prevent hepatitis A if given within 2 weeks of exposure. Depending upon your age and health, your doctor may recommend immune globulin in addition to the hepatitis A vaccine.
The hepatitis A virus can survive outside the body for months. Exposure to freezing temperatures does not kill the virus. Not everyone with hepatitis A has symptoms. Adults are more likely to have symptoms than children. If symptoms develop, they usually appear 2 to 7 weeks after infection. Symptoms usually last less than 2 months, although some people can be ill for as long as 6 months. Many people, especially children, have no symptoms but can still spread the infection.
In addition, a person can what is npv and irr the hepatitis A virus to others up to 2 weeks before symptoms appear. A doctor can determine if you have hepatitis A by discussing your symptoms and ordering a blood test that can tell whether you have been recently infected with the virus that causes hepatitis A.
To treat what is a married woman called in spanish symptoms of hepatitis A, doctors usually recommend rest, adequate nutrition, and fluids.
Some people with severe symptoms will need medical care in a hospital. The best way to prevent hepatitis A is through vaccination with the hepatitis A vaccine.
To get the full benefit of the hepatitis A vaccine, more than one shot is needed. The number and timing of these shots depends on the type of vaccine you are given. Practicing good hand hygiene — including thoroughly washing hands after using the bathroom, changing diapers, and before preparing or eating food — plays an important role in preventing the spread of hepatitis A. People at increased risk for severe disease from hepatitis A infection.
There are two types of hepatitis A vaccine. The first type, the single-dose hepatitis A vaccine, is given as two shots, 6 months apart, and both shots are needed for long-term protection against hepatitis A. The other type is a combination vaccine that protects people against both hepatitis A and hepatitis B. The combination vaccine can be given to anyone 18 years of age and older and is given as three shots over 6 months.
All three shots are needed for long-term protection hpatitis both hepatitis How to configure hyper v and hepatitis B. Yes, both types of hepatitis A vaccine are highly effective in preventing hepatitis A virus infection.
Receiving the entire vaccine series all of the required shots results in long-term protection. Yes, the hepatitis A vaccine is whta. No serious side effects have been reported from the hepatitis A vaccine. Soreness at the injection site is the most common side effect reported.
As with any medicine, there is always a small risk that a serious problem how to tile the top of a table occur after someone gets the vaccine. However, the potential risks of hepatitis A are much greater than the potential risks associated with the hepatitis A vaccine. Millions of doses of hepatitis A vaccine have been given in the United States and worldwide since the first hepatitis A vaccine was licensed in People who have ever had a life-threatening allergic reaction to the hepatitis A vaccine or who are known to be allergic to any part of the hepatitis A vaccine should not receive the vaccine.
Eoes your doctor if you have any severe allergies. Also, the vaccine is not licensed for use in infants under age 1 year. Unlike the hepatitis A vaccine, immune globulin does not provide long-term protection against infection.
The hepatitis A vaccine only protects against hepatitis A. There is a separate vaccine available for hepatitis B. There is also a combination hepatitis A and hepatitis B vaccine that offers protection for both viruses.
There is no vaccine for hepatitis C at this time. If the second dose has been delayed more than 6 months since the first dose was givenit should be given as soon as possible. The first dose does not need to be given again.
Speak with your health-care provider or call your local public hepattiis department, where ypu or low-cost what does hepatitis do to you for adults may be offered.
For children, check the Vaccines for Children Program. All unvaccinated people, along with those who have never had hepatitis A, should be vaccinated before traveling to countries where hepatitis A is common. Travelers to urban areas, resorts, and luxury hotels in countries where hepatitis A is common are still at risk.
International travelers ahat been infected, even though they regularly washed their hands and were careful about what they drank and ate. Travelers to other countries where hepatitis A does not commonly occur are not recommended to receive hepatitis A vaccine before travel. You should get the first dose of hepatitis A vaccine as soon as you plan international travel to a country where hepatitis A is common. The vaccine will provide some protection even if you get vaccinated closer to departure.
People who are allergic to a vaccine component or are younger than 6 months should receive a single dose of immune globulin before traveling to a country where hepatitis A is common. Immune globulin provides effective protection against hepatitis Gou virus infection for up to 2 months, depending on the dosage given. If you are staying longer odes 2 months, you can get another dose of immune globulin during your visit for continued protection against hepatitis A.
Skip directly to site content Skip hepatitia to page options Skip directly to A-Z uepatitis. Viral Hepatitis. Section Navigation. Facebook Twitter LinkedIn Syndicate. Hepatitis A Questions and Answers for the Public. Minus Related Pages. Index of Questions Overview.
What is hepatitis? What is the difference between hepatitis A, hepatitis B, and hepatitis C? What is hepatitis A? How serious is hepatitis A? How common is hepatitis A in the United States? Are cases of hepatitis A what does hepatitis do to you in the United States? How is hepatitis A spread?
Who is at risk for hepatitis A? What should I do if I think I have been exposed to hepatitis A virus? Can I prevent infection after an exposure to the hepatitis A virus? If I have had hepatitis A in the past, can I get it again? Dl long does hepatitis A virus survive outside the body?
What are the symptoms of hepatitis A? Can a person spread hepatitis A virus without having symptoms? How is hepatitis A diagnosed?
How is hepatitis C spread?
Hepatitis means inflammation of the liver. When the liver is inflamed or damaged, its function can be affected. Heavy alcohol use, toxins, some medications, and certain medical conditions can cause hepatitis, but it is often caused by a virus. Autoimmune hepatitis: The most typical symptoms include fatigue, jaundice, an enlarged liver, abdominal discomfort and tenderness, spider angiomas and . Hepatitis C is a liver infection that can lead to serious liver damage. It’s caused by the hepatitis C virus. About million people in the U.S. have the disease. But it causes few symptoms, so.
Hepatitis means inflammation of the liver. The liver is a vital organ that processes nutrients, filters the blood, and fights infections. When the liver is inflamed or damaged, its function can be affected. Heavy alcohol use, toxins, some medications, and certain medical conditions can cause hepatitis.
Hepatitis is most often caused by a virus. In the United States, the most common types of viral hepatitis are hepatitis A, hepatitis B, and hepatitis C.
Although all types of viral hepatitis can cause similar symptoms, they are spread in different ways, have different treatments, and some are more serious than others. Hepatitis C is a liver disease caused by the hepatitis C virus.
When someone is first infected with the hepatitis C virus, they can have a very mild illness with few or no symptoms or a serious condition requiring hospitalization. For reasons that are not known, less than half of people who get hepatitis C are able to clear, or get rid of, the virus without treatment in the first 6 months after infection. Most people who get infected will develop a chronic, or lifelong, infection. Left untreated, chronic hepatitis C can cause serious health problems including liver disease, liver failure, liver cancer, and even death.
The hepatitis C virus is usually spread when someone comes into contact with blood from an infected person. This can happen through:. Many people with hepatitis C do not have symptoms and do not know they are infected. If symptoms occur, they can include: yellow skin or eyes, not wanting to eat, upset stomach, throwing up, stomach pain, fever, dark urine, light-colored stool, joint pain, and feeling tired. If symptoms occur with a new infection, they usually appear within 2 to 12 weeks, but can take up to 6 months to develop.
People with chronic hepatitis C can live for years without symptoms or feeling sick. When symptoms appear with chronic hepatitis C, they often are a sign of advanced liver disease. A blood test called a hepatitis C antibody test can tell if you have been infected with the hepatitis C virus—either recently or in the past. If you have a positive antibody test, another blood test is needed to tell if you are still infected or if you were infected in the past and cleared the virus on your own.
Getting tested for hepatitis C is important to find out if you are infected and get lifesaving treatment. Treatments are available that can cure most people with hepatitis C in 8 to 12 weeks. Skip directly to site content Skip directly to page options Skip directly to A-Z link. Viral Hepatitis. Section Navigation. Facebook Twitter LinkedIn Syndicate. Hepatitis C.
Minus Related Pages. What is hepatitis? All adults, pregnant women, and people with risk factors should get tested for hepatitis C.
How is hepatitis C spread? Today, most people become infected with hepatitis C by sharing needles, syringes, or any other equipment used to prepare and inject drugs. Although uncommon, people can become infected when health care professionals do not follow the proper steps needed to prevent the spread of bloodborne infections.
While uncommon, hepatitis C can spread during sex, though it has been reported more often among men who have sex with men. Hepatitis C can spread when getting tattoos or body piercings in unlicensed facilities, informal settings, or with non-sterile instruments.
People can get infected from sharing glucose monitors, razors, nail clippers, toothbrushes, and other items that may have come into contact with infected blood, even in amounts too small to see. Before widespread screening of the blood supply in , hepatitis C was also spread through blood transfusions and organ transplants. Symptoms Many people with hepatitis C do not have symptoms and do not know they are infected. People can live with hepatitis C without symptoms or feeling sick.
Getting tested is the only way to know if you have hepatitis C. CDC recommends you get tested for hepatitis C if you:. Are 18 years of age and older Are pregnant get tested during each pregnancy Currently inject drugs get tested regularly Have ever injected drugs, even if it was just once or many years ago Have HIV Have abnormal liver tests or liver disease Are on hemodialysis Received donated blood or organs before July Received clotting factor concentrates before Have been exposed to blood from a person who has hepatitis C Were born to a mother with hepatitis C.
Hepatitis C can be prevented. Avoid sharing or reusing needles, syringes or any other equipment used to prepare and inject drugs, steroids, hormones, or other substances. Do not get tattoos or body piercings from an unlicensed facility or in an informal setting.