List of animal rights groups
Oct 25, · We often think of animal rights as the fight to save household pets, but the truth is that animals need our help all over the world. Elephants, sharks, zebras, cheetahs, killer whales, and hundreds of other animals are the subject of animal exploitation every day. Jun 18, · Animal Liberation Front (ALF): A global front group (or “brand”) used by individuals wishing to take so-called “direct action” in the name of animal rights. The ALF was founded in by British activist, Ronnie Lee. The BiteBack website, run by activists, reports around incidents per month committed under the ALF banner.
The animal rights movementsometimes called the animal liberationanimal personhoodor animal advocacy movementis a social movement which seeks an end to the rigid moral and legal distinction drawn between human and non-human animals, an end to the status of animals as property, and an end to their use in the researchfoodclothingand entertainment industries.
All animal liberationists believe that the individual interests of non-human animals deserve recognition and protection, but the movement can be split into two broad camps. Utilitarian liberationists, on the other hand, do not believe that animals possess moral rights, but argue, on utilitarian grounds — utilitarianism in its simplest form advocating that we base moral decisions on the greatest happiness of the greatest number — that, because animals have the ability to suffer, their suffering must be taken into account in any moral philosophy.
To exclude animals from that consideration, they argue, is a form of discrimination that they call speciesism ; see, for example, the work of Peter Singer. Despite these differences, the terms "animal liberation" and "animal rights" are generally used interchangeably.
Factional division has also been characterized as that between the reformist or mainstream faction and the radical abolitionist and direct action factions. The mainstream faction is largely professionalized and focuses on soliciting donations and gaining media representation. Actors in the reformist movement believe that humans should stop abusing animals. They employ activities that include moral shocks.
It has been noted that the power of the animal rights movement in the United States is centralized in professionalized nonprofit organizations that aim to improve animal welfare. The abolitionist faction believes that humans should stop using animals altogether.
Gary Francione, a leader in abolitionism, formed his approach in response to the traditional movement's focus on policy reform. Members of the abolitionist faction view policy reform as counterproductive and rely on nonviolent education and moral persuasion in their activities.
They see the promotion of veganism as a means of creating an antispeciesist culture and abolishing animal agriculture. The direct action or militant faction includes in its activities property damage, animal releases, intimidation, and direct violence, aiming to change society through force and fear. Animal rights actors often reject this faction, pointing to violence as a counterproductive tactic that invites repression e.
Smaller factions include groups focused around faith-based animal rights theory and veganarchistswhose approach is characterized by a critique of capitalism on the grounds that it has led to mass nonhuman, human, and environmental exploitation. Such factionalizing, researchers have pointed out, is common to social movements and plays a role in sustaining their health. The Animal Rights Movement traces back to the animal protection movement in Victorian England, which was initiated by aristocratic moral crusaders in response to the poor treatment of urban workhorses and stray dogs.
Other early influences include: Upton Sinclair 's novel The Junglewhich drew attention to slaughterhouse operations; Henry Stephens Salt 's treatises on nonhuman animal rights, which drew from human abolitionist arguments for recognizing the personhood of people considered to be property; and the short-lived Fruitlands agrarian commune, which required its residents to eat a vegan diet.
The contemporary movement is regarded as having been founded in the UK in the early s by a group of Oxford university post-graduate philosophy students, now known as the " Oxford Group ". The Godlovitches met John Harris and David Wood, also philosophy graduates, who were soon persuaded of the arguments in favour of animal rights and themselves became vegetarian.
The group began to actively raise the issue with pre-eminent Oxford moral philosophers, including Professor Richard Hare, both personally and in lectures. Their approach was based not on sentimentality "kindness to dumb animals"but on the moral rights of animals.
They soon developed and borrowed a range of powerful arguments in support of their views, so that Oxford clinical psychologist Richard Ryderwho was shortly to become part of the group, writes that "rarely has a cause been so rationally argued and so intellectually well armed. It was a article by novelist Brigid Brophy in The Sunday Times which was pivotal in helping to spark the movement.
Brophy wrote:. The relationship of Homo sapiens to the other animals is one of unremitting exploitation. We employ their work; we eat and wear them. We exploit them to serve our superstitions: whereas we used to sacrifice them to our gods and tear out their entrails in order to foresee the future, we now sacrifice them to science, and experiment on their entrail in the hope—or on the mere offchance—that we might thereby see a little more clearly into the present.
The philosophers found this article and were inspired by its vigorous unsentimental polemic. At about the same time, Ryder wrote three letters to The Daily Telegraph in response to Brophy's arguments. The philosophers had also been to see Brophy about the possibility of a book of essays on the subject. This was the idea that became "Animals, Men, and Morals' see below. InRyder coined the phrase " speciesism ," first using it in a privately printed pamphlet to describe the assignment of value to the interests of beings on the basis of their membership of a particular what is the imf mission. It was in a review of Animals, Men and Morals for the New York Review of Books that Australian philosopher Peter Singer first put forward his basic arguments, based on utilitarianism and drawing an explicit comparison between women's liberation and animal liberation.
Out of the review came Singer's Animal Liberationpublished innow regarded by many as the "bible" of the movement. Franklin Another factor feeding the animal rights movement was revulsion to televised slaughters. In the United States, many public protest slaughters were held in the late s and early s by the National Farmers Organization.
Protesting low prices for meat, farmers would kill their own animals in front of media representatives. The carcasses were wasted and not eaten. However, this effort backfired because it angered television audiences to see animals being needlessly and wastefully killed. The movement predominately comprises upper-class and middle-class white female members, owing this to its associations with the Victorian English animal protection movement and American feminism and environmentalism movements.
Public perception of the movement is influenced by gendered evaluations; movement outsiders tend to view activists as irrational by virtue of overly emotional sentiments. Aware of this, activists have strategically incorporated men into positions of leadership and theory production, in order to legitimize the movement and counter popular beliefs about the primacy of emotion in the animal rights movement.
This tactic relies on the what are some animal rights groups perception of men as rational and not given to emotion, and follows a trend in social movement activism that seeks to counter traditional associations with femininity and private spheres by emphasizing rationality, rights, and justice. Hunters' associations of irrationality with femininity and of inexperience in hunting and wilderness with white-collar positions constituted the reasons for their dismissal of activists' claims.
In contrast, hunters framed hunting in logical, scientific, and altruistic terms, thus legitimating hunting, termed wildlife management, as a protective measure. It has been noted that the composition of the movement may discourage the mobilization of particular demographics. A content analysis of magazine covers from highly visible animal rights organizations PeTA and VegNews revealed that most featured members were white, female, and thin.
With this, and with the composition of the movement being mostly white, female, and thin, it has been suggested that animal rights media depict an activist ideal-type with such characteristics, and that this may mobilize thin white females while deterring others. Racialized, sexualized, and size-focused campaign tactics may also serve to deter potential members from joining the movement.
Racialized tactics include the appropriation of African slavery and Holocaust language and imagery, and have been deemed insensitive and impugned by nonwhite communities. In addition, the movement has maintained racist stereotypes about nonwhite individuals' predisposition toward animal cruelty; these stereotypes arose in post-slavery U.
Sexualization of "ideal" women is used as a mobilization tactic, but reduces support for ethics-based campaigns and may be counterproductive, alienating women that do not have "ideal" body types. Sizeism is used as a tactic to frame veganism as a healthy and positive lifestyle, aligning with a popular association of fatness with moral failure. These tactics may contribute to gender inequality because unrealistic and sexualized representations of women are linked to their societal devaluation.
Its lack of diverse membership may decrease the movement's legitimacy and ability to mobilize, as members of marginalized groups are more likely to mobilize when how to make anyone to fall in love with you are represented in the movement.
An inclusive movement with strong group solidarity would decrease opportunity costs associated with participating e. The movement is no longer viewed as hovering on the fringe. In the s, the movement became associated with punk subculture and ideologiesparticularly straight edge hardcore punk in the United States   and anarcho-punk in the United Kingdom.
Michael Socarras of Greenberg Traurig told the Association of American Medical Colleges: "There is a very important shift under way in the manner in which many people in law schools and in the legal profession think about animals.
This shift has not yet reached popular opinion. However, in [the U. Therefore, the evolution in elite legal opinion is extremely significant The movement aims to include animals in the moral community by putting the basic interests of non-human animals on an equal footing with the basic interests of human beings.
A basic interest would be, for example, not being made to suffer pain on behalf of other individual human or non-human animals. The aim is to remove animals from the sphere of property and to award them personhood ; that is, to see them awarded legal rights to protect their basic interests.
Who are we that we have set ourselves up on this pedestal and we believe that we have a right to take from others everything—including their life—simply because we want to do it?
Shouldn't we stop and think for a second that maybe they are just others like us? Other nations, other individuals, other cultures. Just others. Not sub-human, but just different from being human. Liberationists argue what does pupa mean in jamaican animals appear to have value in law only in relation to what are some good topic sentence starters usefulness or benefit to their owners, and are awarded no intrinsic value whatsoever.
In the United States, for example, state and federal laws formulate the rules for the treatment of animals in terms of their status as property. Liberationists point out that Texas Animal Cruelty Laws apply only to pets living under the custody of human beings and exclude birds, deer, rabbits, squirrels, and other wild animals not owned by humans, ignoring that jurisdiction for such creatures comes under the domain of state wildlife officers.
The U. Animal Welfare Act excludes "pet stores The Department of Agriculture interprets the Act as also excluding cold-blooded animals, and warm-blooded animals not "used for research, teaching, testing, experimentation The Seattle-based Great Ape Project GAPfounded by Peter Singer, is campaigning for the United Nations to adopt its Declaration on Great Apeswhich would see chimpanzeesbonobosgorillas and orang-utans included in a "community of equals" with human beings.
The declaration wants to extend to the non-human apes the protection of three basic interests: the right to life, the protection of individual liberty, and the prohibition of torture . Regarding the campaign to change the status of animals as property, the animal liberation movement has seen success in several countries. InSwitzerland amended its constitution to recognize animals as beings and not things.
A decade later, Germany guaranteed rights to animals in a amendment to its constitution, becoming the first European Union member to do so. Perhaps the greatest success of the animal liberation movement has been the granting of basic rights to five great ape species in New Zealand in Their how to go everland seoul is now forbidden in research, testing or teaching.
Also, on 17 MayIndia declared that all cetaceans have the status of "nonhuman persons. This law protects animals in acts of research, transportation, and sale. Generally, animals are protected from any torture, neglect, or killing.
There have been many amendments made how to get cable to work on tv this act to keep it updated. While there is only one act covering the entire United States, there are more current laws surrounding animal rights, which vary by state. New mediasuch as the Internet and email, have been used by Animal Rights Movement actors and countermovement actors in a variety of capacities.
Radical what is user access control in the movement rely on websites, blogs, podcasts, videos, and online forums to engage in vegan outreach and other mobilization efforts and build alliances, thus overcoming exclusion by dominant factions.
Countermovement actors have also used What are the sails on a yacht called law enforcement officers have tracked SHAC activists and admitted electronic what is bust a nut as evidence in criminal trials.
ICTs have facilitated undercover surveillance efforts by activists who use video cameras, Internet, and television to collect and disseminate evidence of cruelty to animals, in order to attract publicity to and mobilize support for the movement. Inanimal rights activists exposed supposedly unhealthy and cruel conditions of monkeys in a research laboratory in Silver SpringMaryland. Police raided the research facility, and because the activists had illegally notified media of the raid, it was televised, attracting publicity to the activists' cause.
Members in the abolitionist faction, specifically those in Francione's camp, argue that the graphic depictions of suffering discovered in undercover work result in a focus on treatment, as opposed to use, and that this focus, while useful in securing welfare reform, is counterproductive to abolishing animal exploitation.
Oct 22, · Animal rights activists are people living all over the world who spend some or most of their time protesting or otherwise working against factory farming, animal testing and other abuses of the animal zi255.com animal activist believes that animals deserve to live happy, cruelty-free lives, and in addition they do something to help create a world where that is possible.
There are many organizations that support animal rights movement. These organizations are trying to stop cruelty against animals. There are thousands of animal rights activists who work all over the world to protect these animals. Here are some of the major organizations that work to protect animal rights. This is a British organization founded in They work towards stopping cruelty against animals. They expose the cruelty to animals and seek justice for them.
CAFT started its journey in They try to find out farms, retailers, slaughterhouses where animals are treated badly and their furs are traded and expose their activities. They try to draw the attention of authorities in this matter and work hard to stop the fur trade. PETA is a very popular animal rights groups.
It has more than 2 million members across the world and operates in 10 countries. Many celebrities are part of their various campaigns. This is an organization that works to prevent experimentation and testing on animals.
This organization was founded in and is based in England. They mainly campaigned against xenotransplantation; that is transplants involving animals and human. This animal rights group is based in the UK. They also have activities in the US and Europe. The organization was founded in They use the social media to spread their message across the globe. They also use press releases so that their voice can be heard. They talk about human justice and raise awareness through education, advocacy, media, and protest.
This organization works towards banning all kinds of animal research. They protest against the use of cats, dogs, and other animals in research. This organization was found more than years ago and they are still working to prevent animal cruelty.
It is the largest animal rights group of US. It supports many small local humane societies as well. They spend millions of dollars every year in fighting for animal rights and stopping cruelty against animals. There is a huge demand for wildlife due to the lifestyle of people. They need leather goods, seafood and other things that come from animals.
The profit margin of illegal wildlife trade is very high. The pet and farm animals are also mistreated in many places. These organizations spread their wings in different parts of the world and help to protect the animals from human cruelty. Your email address will not be published. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Now Trending: Should you use defense s Legal Rights when attack Top 7 organizations work The Top 3 Reasons Why Yo Animal Aid This is a British organization founded in Uncaged Campaigns This is an organization that works to prevent experimentation and testing on animals.
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