Islamic Abbreviation: SWT
Each state has its own unique shortened name codes used in written documents and mailing zi255.com state abbreviations are always in the same format: two letter abbreviations where both letters are uppercase and no periods or spaces between each letter. This format is the official USPS postal abbreviation. Looking for online definition of WA or what WA stands for? WA is listed in the World's largest and most authoritative dictionary database of abbreviations and acronyms The Free Dictionary.
If you are like how to view motherboard model people, the chances are good that nowadays, you hardly ever write an address on an envelope and put it in the mail.
However, do you get a thrill from receiving an envelope or package addressed to you? But, do you ever send what are the two fundamental techniques for intraoral digital radiography packages to other people? It was designed with a specific goal in mind — facilitating the sending of mail as the country was expanding westward in the s.
We still use the same system today, albeit supplemented with the use of email and other electronic communication. The United States had a postal service from before its founding inbut as it expanded westward, the need for a more centralized, more systematic service became apparent.
It had a listing of every post office in the country so that people could know where to go to drop off their mail and pick something up. The Table of Post Offices encouraged people to spell out the entire name of the state, but who has time to do that?
People commonly wrote out abbreviations for the states, but without a standard system in place, it would be too easy to confuse, say, Miss for Mississippi and Miss for Missouri. The Table gave a list of accepted abbreviations to prevent this confusion. As the number of states grew, so did how to make ripped jeans without sandpaper list of abbreviations.
If someone failed to collect how to sew a dress pattern or her mail, he would deliver it personally. New employees — mostly women, who were working on the home front while men were serving in Europe and the Pacific — had to be quickly trained to ensure that mail ehat continue to be delivered, especially letters from soldiers overseas.
The system consisted of numbers for zones in each major city so that the mail could be more quickly sorted by people who did not have extensive knowledge of the postal service. For example, BirminghamAlabama was divided into several different zones, and an addressed envelope might say Birmingham 7, Alabama, to indicate the zone in which the address was.
The system was so helpful that it continued after the war ended in Today, there is roughly one post office for each ZIP code, so you probably have a post office nearby. Abbreviqtion places, like Manhattan in New York City, have such dense populations that one ZIP code may consist of only one or abbrevation city blocks. Other areas, like rural regions of Alaskaare so sparsely populated that one ZIP code may cover hundreds of miles.
Whereas USPS had previously requested that people write out the full abbreviatlon of the state, it now wanted the two-letter codes to leave room on the envelope for the ZIP code. Up until this point, the state abbreviations were usually more than two letters, such as Miss for Mississippi and W. The changes standardized the two-letter abbreviations into codes, so Miss is now MS. Today, some places have nine-digit ZIP codes to help the postal worker more easily identify the location.
There are several US territories and associates, such as the Marshall Islands in the Pacific and Puerto Ricowhich also have official abbreviations for use by the postal service. For the most part, though, the system that evolved in the early s abbrevation the same system that we use today.
So next time you see a package addressed to you, remember that you are experiencing nearly years of American history. State Abbreviation Code Alabama Ala.
AZ Arkansas Ark. AR California Calif. CA Colorado Colo. CO Connecticut Conn. CT Delaware Del. DE District of Columbia D. DC Florida Fla. FL Georgia Ga. IL Indiana Ind. KS Kentucky Ky. KY Louisiana La. MD Massachusetts Mass. MA Michigan Mich. MI Minnesota Minn. MN Mississippi Miss. MS Missouri Mo. MO Abhreviation Mont.
MT Abbrevixtion Nebr. NE Nevada Nev. NV New Hampshire N. NH New Jersey N. NJ New Mexico N. NM New York N. NY North Carolina N. NC North Dakota N. OK Oregon Ore. OR Pennsylvania Pa. PA Rhode Island R. RI South Carolina S. SC South Dakota S. SD Tennessee Tenn.
TN Texas Tex. VT Virginia Va. VA Washington Wash. WA West Virginia W. WV Wisconsin Wis. WI Wyoming Wyo. A Brief History on State Abbreviations and Postal Codes If you are like most people, the chances are good that nowadays, you hardly ever write an address on an envelope and put it in the mail. State Names and Abbreviations Data Files.
A Brief History on State Abbreviations and Postal Codes
Washington (/ ? w ? ? ? ? t ? n / ()), officially the State of Washington, is a state in the Pacific Northwest region of the Western United zi255.com for George Washington, the first U.S. president, the state was made out of the western part of the Washington Territory, which was ceded by the British Empire in , in accordance with the Oregon Treaty in the settlement of the Oregon. Jan 25, · When writing the name of God (), Muslims often follow it with the abbreviation "SWT," which stands for the Arabic words "Subhanahu wa ta'ala."Muslims use these or similar words to glorify God when mentioning his name. The abbreviation in modern usage might appear as . identify each and every piece of the highway system in Washington State. The SR is a road for which the State of Washington has some level of responsibility and is identified by a three-digit number (e.g., ). The RRT is a two-character abbreviation for a type of roadway. The .
This guide is designed to help transgender individuals understand their legal rights in Washington State. The current legal system assumes individuals identify as one gender, either male or female. While this guide provides an understanding of the current legal system, the ACLU recognizes that many people do not identify as male or female.
A person may identify or express as a specific gender, both genders, or neither gender. The WLAD protects people from discrimination based on gender expression or actual or perceived gender identity. This protection includes, but is not limited to, the following areas:. Charged with enforcing the WLAD, the Washington State Human Rights Commission HRC works to prevent and eliminate discrimination by investigating civil rights complaints and providing education and training opportunities throughout Washington.
For information on how to file a formal complaint with the HRC, call or visit www. In addition, federal civil rights laws such as Title VII, which prohibits discrimination based on sex in employment, and Title IX, which prohibits discrimination based on sex in educational programs that receive federal funding, have been applied to prohibit discrimination based on gender identity.
However, the Trump administration has opposed the inclusion of gender identity under Title VII and has rescinded federal guidance that provided protections for transgender students under Title IX.
See page 3 for further discussion. This field of law is rapidly changing under the Trump administration. The U. Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals—whose jurisdiction includes Washington—has made clear that transgender people are protected from sexual harassment and discrimination based on their gender expression or identity under the federal Title VII law, which prohibits sex discrimination in employment.
During the Obama administration, federal agencies expanded protections for transgender people. However, the Trump administration has begun to rescind these protections. In , the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission EEOC — the agency responsible for enforcing anti-discrimination provisions under Title VII — held that federal law prohibits discrimination against transgender employees.
However, in October , DOJ rescinded the memo and issued a new memo, which found that Title VII's prohibition on sex discrimination does not encompass gender identity per se, including transgender status. As of October , the U. Department of Housing and Urban Development HUD declared in that housing discrimination based on gender nonconformity violates the federal Fair Housing Act and adopted regulations prohibiting discrimination on the basis of gender expression or identity in federally-funded housing programs, single-sex emergency shelters, or other facilities.
The ACLU believes that the federal Title IX education law, which prohibits discrimination based on sex in education programs or activities that receive federal funding, also protects transgender individuals from sexual harassment and discrimination based on their gender expression or identity.
In , the U. Department of Education ED affirmed that public and private schools receiving federal funding may not discriminate against transgender students. This reversal represents a change in the executive branch's position, but not a change in Title IX law: the statute and its protections against sex discrimination still stand, and the extent of those protections will be subject to further litigation in the courts.
The ACLU believes that schools continue to have a legal obligation to protect transgender students from harassment and discrimination under Title IX, despite the withdrawal of the Obama-era guidance.
Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit became the first federal court to recognize that discrimination on the basis of transgender identity violates the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment.
Although the U. Constitution's guarantee of equality protects individuals from being treated differently i. The First Amendment, which bars the government from censoring speech or expression, protects people's right to dress an important form of personal expression in a way that is consistent with their gender identity.
And the Due Process Clause recognizes and protects individuals' interests in determining and expressing their gender through personal appearance and mannerisms. If you are being harassed, intimidated, or bullied in school, keep a record of each incident and report them to your principal or counselor.
To talk to someone outside of your school or to get more information on strategies to stop harassment, call the Safe Schools Coalition at or visit www. Federal agencies have previously determined that federal civil rights law protects a transgender person's right to use restrooms and other gender-segregated facilities consistent with their gender identity in education programs that receive federal financial assistance i. Department of Education determined that an Illinois school district violated the federal Title IX law by denying a transgender student access to a gender-appropriate locker room.
Department of Justice and U. Department of Education issued a joint guidance letter reiterating that Title IX protects transgender individuals from discrimination and requires schools to allow transgender students to access sex- segregated facilities consistent with their gender identity.
The Trump administration later withdrew that guidance, with the stated purpose of further considering the legal issues involved. The Department of Justice has stated it will pursue gender identity discrimination cases on a case by case basis. Additional support for the rights of transgender students in public schools to use restrooms consistent with their gender identity may be found in the Washington state Office of Superintendent of Public Instruction OSPI 's guidelines to school districts.
Additionally, the WLAD and the Office of Superintendent of Public Instruction OSPI require public school officials to allow transgender students to wear clothing that matches their gender identity including at proms , call transgender students by the appropriate name and pronoun, 36 provide transgender students with access to safe and appropriate restrooms and locker rooms or appropriate alternative places in which to change for gym class , and accommodate transgender athletes.
It is the ACLU's position that discrimination or harassment directed at transgender students in public schools may violate the Equal Protection Clause of the federal Constitution, under which we think schools should be held responsible for protecting transgender students from harassment on an equal basis with all other students; the First Amendment, which we think should protect the right of students to dress in accordance with their gender expression or identity; and the Due Process Clause, which we think should protect students' liberty interest in their personal appearance.
The other way a person can change their name is by court order, which requires the filing of a Petition for Name Change by the requesting individual and the signing of an Order for Name Change by a judge. Low-income individuals, however, may qualify for a fee waiver. An individual must contact the District Court in the county where they reside in order to obtain the needed forms for a name change.
After a Petition for Name Change has been filed, the court clerk will schedule a date when the person seeking the name change can appear before a judge or a court commissioner.
Most judges will allow a name change as long as they are convinced that the purpose of the change is not to evade debts or the authorities. After the judge signs the Order, the individual must pay a recording fee to record the name change with the county auditor.
On January 27, , a new DOH regulation went into effect outlining the steps required to change the gender marker on a birth certificate. The information requested will include the full name listed on the birth certificate, the parents' full names listed on the birth certificate, and the sex designation requested.
The application must be signed and notarized. Name and gender marker changes may be requested together a certified copy of a court-ordered name change is required in these cases. If the DOH denies the request to change gender designation, its decision can be appealed to a court.
As of June , SSA no longer requires certification from a physician in order to update social security records to reflect a gender change. To change the gender marker on a social security card, a person may now submit to the SSA acceptable government-issued documentation reflecting a gender change, which includes a U.
Alternatively, a person may also submit a signed letter from a licensed physician confirming that the person has had appropriate clinical treatment for gender transition, which does not have to mean surgery.
The risk of problems caused by not changing SSA records is particularly high in the context of employment. In the past, the SSA sometimes contacted an employer when it noticed that the personal information it had about a social security number usually name, but sometimes gender in its Social Security Number Verification System SSNVS did not match the information being reported by the employer. These so-called "No-Match" letters often ended up "outing" transgender employees at work.
Though the SSA ended its policy of allowing employers to match the gender markers of employees with the SSNVS in , some systems used by state government agencies still match gender markers against SSA records.
Additionally, the possibility that a federal identification card system will be developed increases the likelihood that, in the near future, a person's SSA gender marker will be considered the last word on the person's gender. To change the gender marker on one's passport, a person must apply for a new passport in person at a passport acceptance facility with a completed Form DS, appropriate fees, regularly required documents, and a medical certification indicating that the person has undergone the clinical treatment appropriate to facilitate gender transition, as certified by a licensed physician who is familiar with the person's transition-related treatment.
Certification from the treating physician must include both the physician's license or certificate number, and the issuing state or jurisdiction of the medical license or certificate.
No specific treatment is required, and the details of an individual's treatment e. Note that if the physician states that the individual "is in the process of gender transition," rather than stating that the individual has had appropriate clinical treatment for gender transition, the State Department will only issue a limited, two-year passport rather than the standard ten-year.
To change the gender marker on a Washington driver's license or identification card, a person must mail a written request to the Washington DOL or visit a driver licensing office location. Section of the ACA prohibits discrimination on the basis of sex by any health program receiving federal assistance, as well as within any state Health Insurance Marketplace established under the ACA.
In a rule, HHS explicitly stated that under Section discrimination "on the basis of sex" includes discrimination on the basis of gender identity. However, in December a Texas court issued a nationwide injunction to the portion of the HHS rule prohibiting discrimination on the basis of gender identity and termination of pregnancy. A recent California court decision denied a motion to stay a Section gender identity claim. The Court found that discrimination on the basis of transgender identity was protected under the ACA and that the injunction was not applicable as the Court's analysis relied on the language of the statute itself, not the enjoined HHS rule.
This does not necessarily mean that Medicare will cover gender affirming surgeries for all patients, but it does mean that Medicare will no longer automatically deny claims for transition-related medical procedures.
Medicaid is a joint federal and state program for individuals and families with limited resources. As of the Washington Apple Health program covers many medically necessary surgical and nonsurgical services for transgender individuals.
These include services such as transition related hormones, primary care visits, mental health visits, and various surgeries. Working with a primary care provider and an advocacy organization may assist transgender individuals in finding surgeons willing to accept Apple Health.
For public employees of Washington State, the Public Employee Benefits Board PEBB offers coverage for surgical and nonsurgical transition-related care, including hormones and gender confirming surgery. For active duty and retired armed forces members under the federal TRICARE program, only coverage for nonsurgical transition-related care is available. Thus, coverage includes hormones and mental health services, but not gender confirmation surgery.
Private health plans that are "self-insured" are often exempt from state law requirements and therefore are generally not subject to the OIC's directive requiring equality in health insurance coverage for transgender individuals. However, self-insured plans must still abide by federal and state anti-discrimination laws to the extent the laws are applicable. Self-insured plans are private health insurance plans for employees that are fully insured by the employer rather than by an outside insurance company, meaning the employer pays the insurance claims.
Because self-insured plans often rely on outside insurance companies for administrative support, it is often difficult for employees to know whether or not their plan is self-insured. If you are not sure whether your plan is self-insured, ask your employer. Self-insured plans are primarily offered by large employers with more than employees.
The Washington State Office of Insurance Commissioner OIC encourages transgender individuals who have experienced discriminatory exclusions or denials of service in private health insurance plans to file a complaint for investigation. For information on filing a complaint with the OIC, visit www. Supreme Court held that prison officials violated the Eighth Amendment where officials showed "deliberate indifference" to ongoing physical and sexual violence against a transgender prisoner by other prisoners.
Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit held that prison officials also violate the Eighth Amendment when officials commit acts of violence against transgender prisoners. The ACLU believes that prisons and jails may also violate the constitutional rights of transgender prisoners under the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment if prison officials deny transgender individuals services or benefits because of their transgender status, when those services and benefits are provided to other prisoners.
Furthermore, the Prison Rape Elimination Act PREA , a federal law that aims to combat sexual assault and harassment in prisons and jails, provides additional support for the protection of transgender inmates. Theseassessments must take into account whether the prisoner is or is perceived to be LGBT or gender nonconforming. Facilities must also provide accommodations for transgender individuals who wish to shower separately from other inmates.
Finally, jails and prisons are required to provide training to correctional staff that specifically addresses safety concerns for transgender and gender non- conforming prisoners. A growing number of local correctional systems are developing more respectful policies for transgender individuals. For example, the King County Correctional Facility—the largest correctional facility in Washington State—adopted specific guidelines in to protect the rights of transgender inmates.
Under King County's anti-harassment and discrimination policy, correctional staff are prohibited from making derogatory or hurtful comments about transgender or gender non-conforming individuals, talking about or ridiculing transgender or gender non-conforming individuals to the larger inmate population, and asking inmates personal questions about their gender identity or expression.
Further, staff must allow transgender inmates to access gender-congruent commissary items, such as bras for transgender women and shirts large enough to fit loosely over the chest area for transgender men. King County's policies also require housing arrangements for transgender inmates to be based on the individual's safety and security needs and be the least restrictive option.
The county also provides for separate shower accommodations upon request and PREA training for staff.