Super 8 film
Mar 14, · Maybe the BEST part of getting Super 8 film back from the lab is being able to actually project it and watch what you've shot! Let's look at the basic functi Author: Analog Resurgence. Jan 08, · I love Super 8 and one of my favourite things about the format is the system itself that makes it work! So I wanted to completely break open a cartridge of f.
There will be no changes to other Yahoo properties or services, or your Yahoo account. You can find more information about the Yahoo Answers shutdown and how to download your data on this help page. I found a couple of Super 8 cameras my dad had stashed away in the garage. I also found some Kodak Kodachrome II sound movie film. I'm not sure exactly how to play the film but I'm curious to see what's on them. Anyone know how to do this?
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Sep 28, · I found a couple of Super 8 cameras my dad had stashed away in the garage. I also found some Kodak Kodachrome II sound movie film. I'm not sure exactly how to play the film but I'm curious to see what's on them. Anyone know how to do this? I really want to avoid having to get someone to convert the film to digital.
Super 8mm film is a motion picture film format released in    by Eastman Kodak as an improvement over the older "Double" or "Regular" 8 mm home movie format. The film is nominally 8mm wide, the same as older formatted 8mm film, but the dimensions of the rectangular perforations along one edge are smaller, which allows for a greater exposed area.
The Super 8 standard also allocates the border opposite the perforations for an oxide stripe upon which sound can be magnetically recorded.
Unlike Super 35 which is generally compatible with standard 35mm equipment , the film stock used for Super 8 is not compatible with standard 8 mm film cameras. There are several varieties of the film system used for shooting, but the final film in each case has the same dimensions. The most popular system by far was the Kodak system. Launched in by Eastman Kodak at the —66 Worlds Fair, Super 8 film comes in plastic light-proof cartridges containing coaxial supply and take up spools loaded with 50 feet 15 m of film, with 72 frames per foot, for a total of approximately 3, frames per film cartridge.
This is enough film for 2. In the system was upgraded with a larger cartridge, which includes film with magnetic sound. In an even larger foot 61 m cartridge became available which could be used in specifically designed cameras.
The sound and the foot cartridge system are no longer available, but the 50 foot silent cartridge system is still manufactured. Historically, Super 8 film was a reversal stock for home projection used primarily for the creation of home movies. It became an extremely popular consumer product in the late s through the s, but was largely replaced in the s by the use of video tape.
During the mid-to-late s Super 8 began to re-emerge as an alternative method for movie production, beginning with its use in MTV music videos in In the company's Super8 Sound, now called Pro8mm, pioneered the use of the color negative in Super 8 by custom perforating and loading a variety of 35mm film stocks into the Super 8 film cartridge.
Today Super 8 color negative film is the main color stock used. The Super 8 plastic cartridge is probably the fastest loading film system ever developed, as it can be loaded into the Super 8 camera in less than two seconds without the need to directly thread or touch the film.
In addition, coded notches cut into the Super 8 film cartridge exterior allow the camera to recognize the film speed automatically. Not all cameras can read all the notches correctly, however, and there is some debate about which notches actually deliver the best results.
Color stocks were originally available only in tungsten K , and almost all Super 8 cameras come with a switchable daylight filter built in, allowing for both indoor and outdoor shooting. The original Super 8 film release was a silent system only, but in a sound on film version was released. The film with sound had a magnetic soundtrack  and came in larger cartridges than the original cartridge in order to accommodate the sound recording head in the film path. Sound film requires a longer film path for smoothing the film movement before it reaches the recording head , and a second aperture for the recording head.
Sound cameras are compatible with silent cartridges, but not vice versa. Sound film is typically filmed at a speed of 18 or 24 frames per second. The adhesive used to bond the magnetic track to the film is environmentally hazardous.
In Kodak announced the discontinuation of their most popular stock Kodachrome  due to the decline of facilities equipped with K process. The last roll of Kodachrome was processed on January 18, , although announced last date of processing was December 30, in Parsons, Kansas, by the sole remaining lab capable of processing it. However, in Spring of , Kodak introduced Ektachrome D in super 8 and 16mm formats, citing surges in demand.
Pro8mm offers 7 color negative stocks made from Kodak and Fuji film. Color Reversal film for Super 8 is still available from several Super 8 specialty companies. Wittner Kinotechnik offers Super 8 made from a batch of Agfa Aviphot D which is perforated and slit for Super 8, 8mm and 16mm formats.
This film is loaded into Super 8 and Single cartridges by several of the specialty companies. Other stocks, such as the new Fuji reversal film, and existing supplies of Kodak 35mm D are often made available in Super 8 by these specialty companies. The growing popularity and availability of non-linear editing systems has allowed film-makers and any user of film to shoot Super 8 film but edit in digital.
This avoids much of the tedium of handling film and the damage to the film which can occur when editing the actual film. Super 8 films may be transferred scanned to digital through a variety of processes, and then imported into computer-based editing and correction systems for post production. Today's systems can even scan super 8 to 4K digital in a variety of formats. Fujifilm of Japan developed an alternative format called Single-8, which was released in as a different option to the Kodak Super 8 format.
Single-8 cartridges, without a press plate, are of a different design from a Super 8 cartridge, resembling a cassette-style design supply and take-up reels side by side as opposed to Super 8's coaxial cartridge design one reel on top of the other. Therefore, Single-8 film cartridges can only be used in Single-8 cameras. However, the film loaded in a Single-8 cartridge has exactly the same dimensions as Super 8 though it is made of a thinner and stronger polyester base, rather than the acetate base of Super 8 film , and can be viewed in any Super 8 projector after processing.
However, Fuji recommended that only tape splices be used when combining Single-8 footage with Super-8, as cement would cause damage to the Single-8 footage. Also, when jammed, Single-8 footage has a tendency to stretch in the projector, unlike the acetate-based Super-8 film, which simply breaks. Although never as popular as Super 8, the format existed in parallel. On June 2, , Fuji announced the end of Single-8 motion picture film. Fuji's in-house processing service was available until September An instant 8mm film released in by Polaroid, Polavision uses the same perforations as Super 8mm film.
It can be projected through a Super 8mm projector if the film is transferred from the original cartridge to an 8mm reel. However, because of the additive process, the picture will be much darker. Double Super 8 film commonly abbreviated as DS8 is a 16 mm wide film but has Super 8 size sprockets. It is used in the same way as standard 8 mm film in that the film is run through the camera twice, exposing one side on each pass.
During processing, the film is split down the middle and the two pieces spliced together to produce a single strip for projection in a Super 8 projector.
Because it has sprockets on both sides of the film, the pin-registration is superior to Super 8 film and so picture stability is better. As Super 8 progressed to be used in HD and theatrical applications, a need arose for widescreen compatibility without having to use expensive optical adapters or excessive cropping. Since magnetic sound-striped film was no longer available, that area of the film could be used to expand the picture aspect ratio in a process similar to the creation of Super 16 from standard 16mm film.
The creators of Sleep Always  experimented with widening the camera gate to expose into the sound track region to achieve this.
In March , Pro8mm introduced its own version of the widened gate, achieving aspect ratio of 1. In , Logmar of Denmark made a one-off batch of 50 "digicanical" pro-level Super 8 cameras to celebrate the 50th anniversary of Super 8. In , Eastman Kodak showed a concept  for a new Super 8 camera, its first such camera in over 30 years.
A working prototype was displayed at the Consumer Electronics Show, with Kodak hoping to begin production in spring Although Kodak launched Super 8 and had its own cameras, hundreds of other companies produced Super 8 camera, projection, editing, and sound equipment. In , the consumer market for Super 8 collapsed. Most of the independent companies were forced into bankruptcy or merged, as the demand for Super 8 evaporated overnight.
Some companies remained in business until when many gave up completely on movie film equipment. A few later re-emerged including Beaulieu, who, in , introduced a new camera and Super 8 Sound that introduced a new version of its full-coat recorder, the Mag IV. The companies in which Super 8 was only a division simply closed.
Kodak continued support for Super 8. A few products re-emerged with new features such as crystal sync and Max8. Recently, new companies have started producing new Super 8 cameras.
In , Logmar introduced a limited edition completely new Super 8 Camera,  and in , Kodak showed a concept of a new Super 8 camera at the CES expo. These cameras can be found at specialized retailers and distributors and at auction sites such as eBay. There are now more varieties of Super 8 film available than ever before. In , Kodak announced that Ektachrome will soon be available again in the Super 8 format. Super 8 film is available worldwide through specialty shops and online from major companies such as Amazon.
It has become common to see it sold with processing prepaid and for it to be sold with scan to digital services at a variety of different levels from Standard Definition Digital to 4K Data. It can even be purchased to include all the logistic associated with the process including film processing, scanning and internet delivery of image and mail in and back services. In the beginning of , Super 8 was introduced as a silent format. Over time, several companies began to offer sync sound options for Super 8 filmmaking.
Two companies introduced comprehensive sound systems for Super 8. These were Super8 Sound Inc. With double system, as it was called, sound and picture are recorded separately.
This was fine for more professional applications and for education about film production, but for consumers it was simply too complex and expensive. In Kodak introduced Ektasound—magnetic recording on the actual Super 8 film. Standard 8mm had the stripe between the perforations and the edge of the film which made good contact with a magnetic head problematic.
A balance stripe was added on the opposite edge to facilitate spooling of the film. The Ektasound cartridge was deeper than the silent cartridge to allow access of the camera's recording head. Thus, silent cameras could not accept Ektasound cartridges, but Ektasound cameras and projectors accepted silent cartridges. Projectors, that could record and play sound, appeared before sound cameras.
The sound was recorded 18 frames in advance of the picture as opposed to 56 frames for standard 8mm. This short distance of just 3 inches facilitated the relatively compact size of the later sound cartridges. Some projectors used the balance stripe to provide a second channel for stereo sound.
Super 8mm was also specified with an optical sound track. This occupied the same location as the magnetic track. Picture to sound separation in this format was 22 frames. Projectors and cameras obviously could not record sound in this system, but optical sound package movies became briefly popular, particularly in Europe mainly because they were cheaper to produce - though the projectors cost more.
Although the optical sound should have been inferior in quality to magnetic sound running at 3. Although the 8 mm format was originally intended for creating amateur films, condensed versions of popular cinema releases were available up until the mids, for projection at home.
These were generally edited to fit onto a ft 61 m or ft m reel.