Buying A Forklift 101
Nov 07, · Your budget is thus $15, A “gold” purchase is a 3-year-old forklift with around hours on it, at 75% of new price. Look into 5-year financing for a low monthly payment. A “platinum” purchase is a new forklift. No hours on it, full price. You’ll have the longest lifetime usage, but also the highest budget needs. Buying a forklift is a two-prong purchase decision: choosing the lift itself and choosing a forklift dealer. Believe it or not, the latter decision is equally important (if not more so) than picking out the actual machine. The forklift dealer you select will be responsible for providing the service and support that keep your lift running.
Forklift Hunter has put together a list forkliift recommendations that all customers should review and check off before purchasing a forklift from any dealer with schematic examples of each bullet point in the right hand column. Size does matter. When selecting a forklift, always make sure the mast height does not exceed the height of the lowest door clearance of your facility.
If you are operating inside a box trailer or truck you will need a free lift mast. Solid rubber compound press-on tire. Available with a tread design or smooth. Also available in a white non-marking rubber compound. Pneumatic tires are also used on dirt and gravel surfaces and soft yards. They provide slightly better traction than Solid Pneumatic tires, but they are susceptible to flats because they hold air.
They are also about half the cost of solid pneumatic tires and offer a smother ride. Provides the most torque and power for outdoor construction and job site applications. Most diesel powered forklifts will be equipped with pneumatic tires. For use outdoors and indoors. Forklict Cushion Tire forklifts are powered with L. Because L. Gas forklifts produce lower emissions, they can be used in some indoor applications.
Although gasoline is rarely used as fuel for forklifts, gas-powered models are available but can only be used outdoors due to the high amount of emissions. For use mainly indoors on smooth, hard surfaces. Electric forklifts may be used outdoors when conditions are dry but are never to be used in a wet environment. They are perfect for indoor warehouse use because they do not produce exhaust and are hoa during operation.
Forks should be slightly shorter than the pallet being moved because forks that stick out through the other side of the pallet being carried can cause damage to other shelved products. Consider attachments that may benefit your operation: side-shifter moves forks right or left ; Fork positioner re-position forks to adjust to a wider pallet or object ; Clamps of various types to handle numerous different how to file pil in mumbai high court i.
The more hours the forklift is used, the more wear and tear on its engine, transmission, and other moving parts. Some brands and types will give you a breakdown of the hours e. Facebook RSS. Mobile Forklift Repair; Call: Buying A Forklift Buying a Forklift — Forklifts For Sale Forklift Forklift Hunter has put together a list of recommendations that all customers should s and check off before purchasing a forklift from any dealer with schematic examples of each bullet point in the right hand column.
Buying a Forklift – Forklifts For Sale
Feb 23, · Tips from our General Manager, Robert Scott, on purchasing a used forklift. Call us at () or visit zi255.com for more info. Forklifts For Sale: Forklifts - Find Forklifts on Equipment Trader. Forklifts For Sale: Forklifts - Find Forklifts on Equipment Trader. Search Buy Rent Sell for $ Blog Dealers. Menu. Mitsubishi Forklift FGC25N, The 3, – 6, pound Capacity IC cushion tire forklift truck plays a central role in material.
Finding the right forklift for your business requires specialized insight if you hope to find the most productive, cost-effective machine. In addition to the power source, you'll be evaluating a variety of factors that impact your long-term cost, including how much and how high the machine can lift, how careful you need to be when manipulating the load in sensitive areas, and whether you should buy new or used.
With the variety of technological enhancements and new ergonomic designs available, even the smallest adjustment can save your operators time, simultaneously boosting their productivity and the cost-effectiveness of your operation.
Or you can simply consult a reputable dealer. Unlike a piece of machinery purchased over the Internet, professional forklift dealers specialize in pairing industries with the appropriate machinery — easily matching your business process with a machine that meets and often exceeds your requirements. Three essential criteria When purchasing a forklift, many buyers only take service labor rates into account, believing the lower they are they better.
Routine service and maintenance are crucial to the long-term performance and ROI of a forklift. As a result, the support of a quality dealer is at the top of the list when evaluating machines — in particular the labor frequency of consumption and system support. By factoring in the cost of time associated with the above items, you look past low service rates and achieve an accurate estimate related to the cost of your downtime and maintenance requirements.
Benefits of a service level agreement SLA From time and material to fees associated with planned maintenance, a service level agreement provides a range of specific benefits that can save you thousands over the life cycle of your forklift. By locking in the rate and specific aspects of service, you can reliably budget for the maintenance of a single lift, or an entire fleet, years in advance. Easy expansion As your business grows, expanding your machinery is quick and simple with dealer support.
Delivering the same make and model as the other machines in your fleet, a solid relationship with a quality forklift dealer helps minimize costs by reducing the need for additional operator training and certifications. It also enables you to schedule planned maintenance on multiple machines of the same variety, knowing exactly what to expect across your entire fleet. Before comparing dealers, take a quick look through this forklift purchasing guide. Pay particular attention to trends, types, specs, and attachments.
Among the major trends in forklift technology is the inclusion of fuel cells as a power source. Slowly phasing out diesel and battery-powered options, fuel cells are billed as being able to deliver higher levels of productivity, lower cost of ownership, and reduced emissions. Fuel cell technology is an environmentally-friendly way to cut some of the costs associated with labor while all but eliminating the restrictions found in their exhaust-emitting counterparts.
Shown to operate for longer periods of time than battery-powered models and require less maintenance than those with combustion engines, forklifts powered by fuel cells use an onsite hydrogen refuelling station that requires only a few minutes to reach full capacity.
This is in comparison to a minimum of 30 minutes required to recharge a standard forklift battery. Plus, the simple connection VAC 3 Phase, amps eliminates the need for battery storage as well as the equipment necessary for a changing station, opening up additional warehouse space for added product or storage.
Increasingly integrated into a wide range of industrial equipment, fuel cells boost power density by distributing reactants internally within the fuel cell, using a combination of hydrogen fuel and oxygen to generate electricity. Most fuel cells currently produce a minimal amount of electricity 1 volt is a common example. In addition to the safety and cost-effectiveness associated with their operation, fuel cells offer additional benefits that include:.
But fuel cell technology is not without cost. And like many new technologies, it has areas that need to be developed in order for it to become cost effective for smaller operations. Another major consideration many buyers face when comparing forklifts is whether to buy a new or used machine. Regardless of the situation, you can find an excellent used forklift by paying close attention to guidelines associated with the following criteria:.
Age Though far from the most critical consideration, the age of the machine is one of the first things to consider. Usually imprinted within the serial number or stamped on or near the mast, the year the machine was manufactured may also be reflected in the series as is common with Toyota.
Service hours This is actually a compilation of a couple different types of use: key hours and dead man hours, both of which are metered on electric lift trucks. Key hours are the time during which the key was turned on. Instead, look at the dead man hours. This meter is activated when the operator is standing on the dead man petal, indicating that the machine is actually being used. When purchasing a used machine, those with part-time use or less are best.
Similar to an automobile, clean, controlled environments result in a lower level of wear and tear. So pay close attention to both its function at its current location and what type of conditions are involved, including:.
A few of the most important aspects related to the condition of a forklift include:. You may be able to save money on a forklift by matching your intended use to a machine. With that in mind, there are four primary types of forklifts you should consider:. Order pickers Common in warehouse and retail environments, order pickers enable an operator to reach stocked items in racking or on shelves between 8 and 11 feet in the air.
All electronic lifts allow the operator to move and reposition the lift through controls on the platform, simplifying operation and saving considerable time when picking orders with multiple components. Electronic lift only models feature controls just for vertical movement and require the manual repositioning of the order picker for each new item. Capacities range from to lbs. Designed for lighter loads and indoor use, order pickers are battery powered and often come with a battery and built-in charger.
Pallet jacks Also known as pump trucks or hand trucks, pallet jacks have become one of the most essential tools in a warehouse or retail environment. They enable an individual to move an entire pallet of goods while either unloading a truck or shifting a load on ground level to another location within the facility. Plus, they come in a variety of configurations, tailored to a range of diverse applications.
These customizations can include:. In general, there are two main types of pallet jacks, electric and manual, most of which support between 3, to 4, lbs. Manual is among the most common, in part because these lifts are the easiest to use and also the least expensive.
Electric models achieve the same effect but with a lot less sweat. They feature an electric motor that allows the operator to select forward or reverse and raise or lower the forks when desired. Battery-powered, electric hand trucks have an integral charger that enables them to be plugged straight into the mains without requiring a stand-alone charging unit. Extra bells and whistles include optional rider kit platforms, extended forks that allow the movement of two pallets at a time, and scales to monitor the weight of the load.
Single-reach trucks extend the distance of one pallet and double-reach models extend the distance of two. Unlike an order picker that offers minimal weight support, reach trucks provide the ability to move entire pallets with weight capacities that range from 2, to 5, lbs.
Outrigger legs on the front of the machine support the weight of the load up to heights of more than 30 feet. This is still far less weight than a sit-down, counterbalanced machine can support but often quite adequate for many indoor applications, especially in situations where diesel exhaust or the cost of fuel are prohibitive. In addition to weight limitations, low undercarriage clearance and electric power systems are two more reasons reach trucks are largely used indoors.
When operated in external environments, curbs and uneven work surfaces wreak havoc on the undercarriage and even tip the unit in extreme circumstances. Plus, some units have been known to suffer contact trouble due to the shaking that results from rough terrain. Reach trucks are designed with two different types of operator platforms, one that includes a tilting cab function, leaning the operator into a better and more comfortable position during operation.
The other design makes use of a see-through overhead guard, often constructed from reinforced steel bars that prevent falling items from hitting the operator while providing a clear view of the forks and load overhead. Add-ons and upgrades include cameras that can be mounted on the fork carriage, enabling the operator to clearly see the load on an LCD screen. Sit-down counterbalance forklift trucks Considered the most common type of forklift truck overall, counterbalanced models provide the highest capacity, both in terms of height and weight.
Weight capacities typically range from 3, to 80, lbs. Most models offer lift heights between 10 to 15 feet, but some can lift as high as 36 feet. Powered by an internal combustion engine, sit-down lift trucks run on a variety of fuels including gasoline, diesel fuel, liquid propane gas LPG , or compressed natural gas CNG. Unlike electric models that require extended recharge times, IC forklifts can be refueled on the fly simply by filling them up at a gas pump or loading a new LPG canister.
The sit-down models are also available in two different types: 4-wheel and 3-wheel. The 4-wheel models encompass all of the features mentioned above and represent the most robust lift trucks on the market. However, the 3-wheel variety combines the electric power of a reach truck with the convenience of sit-down operation, enabling these machines to be used indoors. They can also be used for longer periods of time as the design helps to prevent operator fatigue.
The forklift battery acts as a counterbalance weight and enables the lifting and transportation of loads weighing between 3, and 5, lbs. When comparing forklifts, there are a number of critical specs that can help eliminate models not up to the task. The first and most important consideration is the power source. The two primary options are:. Electric Powered by large, heavy lead-acid batteries, electric lifts typically provide enough power for one standard eight-hour shift or about 5 to 6 hours of continuous use.
The two biggest advantages to this system are that it produces zero emissions, a necessity if the lift is operated indoors, and is highly economical in terms of fuel. Internal combustion Internal combustion engines run on a variety of fuels including gasoline, diesel fuel, liquid propane gas LPG , or compressed natural gas CNG.
The main benefits of an IC forklift are the ability to operate them in any environment, a far greater capacity for weight , lbs. Their upfront price is the inverse of electric, making them initially cheaper than electric models, but they cost more per hour to run.
Dual fuel — a happy median With the cost of diesel rising, dual fuel engines are becoming the preferred engine type for forklifts and similar industrial equipment in the United States. Comparable in terms of output to single-power options, they provide the cost-saving ability to combine gas and liquid propane or diesel and electric operation, switching between the two modes when power needs change. In addition to the cost-saving benefits achieved through fuel conservation, dual fuel systems do not require spark plugs or an ignition system, eliminating a good chunk of the maintenance associated with traditional IC engines and boosting overall ROI.
Back to top. Tires are another primary consideration and will largely be determined by your operating environment: indoors or outdoors, paved surfaces or rough terrain. There are three different types to choose from:. The tires are longer and wider than cushion tires, made of solid rubber, and are either solid or filled with air. This solid design makes them extremely durable.
This indestructibility also makes them more expensive than air pneumatic tires, and justifiably so. Air pneumatics work well outdoors on asphalt, gravel, and even unpaved terrain, but similar to a car or bike tire, they can be punctured. Cushion tires Constructed from solid rubber, cushion tires are pressed directly onto the wheel and feature a smaller chassis, sitting lower to the ground than pneumatic tires. This position gives them a big advantage in terms of maneuverability by enabling a smaller turn radius.
Unfortunately, the low ground clearance largely relegates them to indoor use as the lift may get hung up on curbs, uneven pavement, and other obstacles outside. Polyurethane tires Easy to install, polyurethane tires are designed to be pressed onto the wheels of a forklift and feature a low rolling resistance that has been shown to prolong their lifespan. Popular for the excellent traction they provide, they do come with one downside: they can only be used indoors.